9 2 9
The Committee on Lectures and Publications have
the honor to present the sixth number of the Society's
Year Book with which is combined the Annual Re-
port for the year 1928.
E. H. Wilson, Chairman.
February 25, 1929.
Table of Contents
Officers for 1929 9
Committees and Judges for 1929 11
The Centenary of the Massachusetts Horticultural So-
ciety . 13
Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1928 .... 20
George Robert White Medal Award 29
Gardens for Which Awards Were Made in 1928 ... 33
Exhibitions of the Centennial Year 1929 .... 42
Annuals for the Home Garden 43
The Library, 1829-1929 . . 53
Garden Clubs in Massachusetts 57
The Special Centennial Medal .62
Gifts to the Library 63
Library Accessions 64
Periodicals Currently Received 1928 70
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission . . 74
The Inaugural Meeting 79
The President's Inaugural Message 79
Report of the Secretary 82
Report of the Treasurer .87
Report of the Committee on the Library .... 90
Products of Children's Gardens 91
Report of the Committee on Prizes 93
Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 95
Report of the Committee on Exhibitions .... 98
Membership in the Massachusetts Horticultural Society . 100
Necrology . 101
Honorary Members 102
Corresponding Members 102
New Members in 1928 105
List of Illustrations
Mr. Robert G. Stone 8
Mr. G. Peabody Gardner, Jr. 10
General H. A. S. Dearborn 12
The Original Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected 1845 14
The Second Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected 1863 . 15
The Present Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected 1900 . 16
The Present Library of the Massachusetts Horticultural
Mr. E. G. Hill, Awarded Thomas Roland Medal . . .23
Mr. T. D. Hatfield, Awarded Jackson Dawson Medal . 23
Colonel William Boyce Thompson 30
Perennial Garden on Estate of Mr. and Mrs. R. T.
Crane, Jr. . . . . 32
Pool in the Perennial Garden on the Crane Estate . . 34
The Beautiful Rose Garden on the Crane Estate ... 35
Wooded Path on the Estate of Mr. and Mrs. Clement S.
A Corner in the Garden of Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott 39
A Part of the Garden of Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman . 40
Swe'et Peas Among the Most Useful Annuals ... 45
Frontispiece of a Rare Book in the Horticultural Society
The Centennial Medal 62
Tropical Garden of Mr. Albert C. Burrage, Which Re-
ceived the Garden Club of America's Award . . 78
Winning Still Life Picture at the Spring Show in Boston 83
The New Tree Peony "Argosy" Shown by Professor A.
P. Saunders at the American Peony Exhibition . 92
Exhibition of the New England Gladiolus Society in
Mr. Robert G. Stone
Elected a Trustee in 1928
Massachusetts Horticultural Society
OFFICERS FOR 1929
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, of Boston
OAKES AMES, of North Easton
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, of Boston
JOHN S. AMES, of North Easton
EDWARD I. FARRINGTON, of Weymouth
JOHN S. AMES, of North Easton
OAKES AMES, of North Easton
FRANCIS H. APPLETON, OF Boston
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, OF BOSTON
ROBERT CAMERON, of Ipswich
MISS MARIAN R. CASE, of Weston
HOWARD COONLEY, of Readville
MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY, of Boston
WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT, of Boston
MRS. HOMER GAGE, of Worcester
G. PEABODY GARDNER, Jr., of Brookline
WALTER HUNNEWELL, of Wellesley
NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, of Milton
ARTHUR LYMAN, of Boston
THOMAS ROLAND, of Nahant '
ROBERT G. STONE, of Brookline
MRS. BAYARD THAYER, of South Lancaster
GEORGE C. THURLOW, of West Newbury
LORING UNDERWOOD, of Belmont
HENRY P. WALCOTT, of Cambridge
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, of Boston
ERNEST H. WILSON, of Jamaica Plain
FRED A. WILSON, of Nahant
Mr. G. Peabody Gardner, Jr.
Elected a Trustee in 1928
COMMITTEES AND JUDGES FOR 1929
ALBERT C. BL'RRAGE, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES OAKES AMES
MRS. BAYARD THAYER EDWIN S. WEBSTER
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES EDWIN S. WEBSTER
ARTHUR LYMAN, Chairman
ROBERT STONE GEORGE G. THURLOW
Committee on Prizes
ERNEST H. WILSON, Chairman
JAMES MARLBOROUGH THOMAS ROLAND
Committee on Exhibitions
THOMAS ROLAND, Chairman
HOWARD COONLEY ERNEST H. WILSON
WILLIAM N. CRAIG HARLAN P. KELSEY
Committee on Library
NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES MRS, BAYARD THAYER
Committee on Lectures and Publications
ERNEST H. WILSON Chairman
HOWARD COONLEY ROBERT CAMERON
Committee on Building
ALBERT 0. BURRAGE, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES FRED A. WILSON
Committee on Gardens
MRS. HOMER GAGE, Chairman
WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT WALTER HUNNEWELL
MRS. F. B. CROWNINSHIELD MRS.. S. V. R. CROSBY
Committee on George Robert White Medal of Honor
OAKES AMES Chairman
MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT
Committee on Children's Gardens
MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman
D. W. O'BRIEN MRS. LEWIS A. ELLIOTT
Judges of Plants and Flowers
WILLIAM ANDERSON, Chairman
SAMUEL J. GODDARD DONALD McKENZIE
WILLIAM H. JUDD GEORGE F. STEWART
Judges of Fruits
JAMES METHVEN, Chairman
WALTER G. KENDALL ANDREW K. ROGERS
Judges of Vegetables
EDWARD PARKER, Chairman
PAUL P. MAILLARD RAY M. KOON
General H. A. S. Dearborn
The First President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society
The Centenary of the Massachusetts
Just 100 years ago a little company of Boston men were
holding occasional meetings in the down-town district to
consider the formation of a horticultural society. Most of
these men were prominent in the business affairs of the city
but they were interested also in gardens and in gardening, and
particularly in the growing of fruits. Their discussion came
to a head on February 24, 1829, when a preliminary meeting
was held and largely attended.
On March 17, the formal organization took place and on
March 19, of this year, the hundredth anniversary of this
society will be celebrated by a Centennial Flower Exhibition
at Mechanics Building ; this building has been chosen because
Horticultural Hall, large as it is, is far too small to house
this great exhibition, which will be the outstanding event of
One hundred years ago Boston had a population of but
60,000 persons. It had been an incorporated city for only
seven years, but it had several fine estates as well as many
gardens. Pennsylvania already had a horticultural society —
formed two years previously — a society which still is, as all
know, a prosperous and influential organization. It is the
only existent horticultural society which antedates that of
- There was a keen desire on the part of those interested in
the new society to exhibit the products of their gardens,
notwithstanding that the amount of material available was
exceedingly limited compared with that of today. At that
time the Concord grape had not been originated ; neither had
such pears as Clapp's Favorite and Dana Hovey. The only
squash known was a crookneck and tomatoes w T ere looked upon
as poisonous weeds.
Many of the flowers now in common cultivation were still
undreamed of then. Plant hunters were already at work, how-
ever, both in the Far East and on this continent, and for the
next half century a flood of new plant material poured in
upon garden makers, with a distinctly stimulating effect.
Many of these new plants were shown on the tables of the
*From "Horticulture," January 1, 1929.
14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
The Original Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected in 1845
Massachusetts Horticultural Society for the first time. Robert
Fortune, the English plant hunter, was bringing back such
valuable subjects as Weigela rosea, Fortune's yellow rose,
Anemone japonica, Forsythia viridissima, the white wisteria,
Jasminum nudiflorum, Azalea amoena and the common bleed-
ing heart (Dielytra spectabilis). This latter plant, which did
not reach America until about 1850, was exhibited for the
CENTENARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 15
The Second Horticultural Hall in Boston, Erected in 1863
Massachusetts Horticultural Society two years later and
created little less than a sensation.
General H. A. S. Dearborn of Roxbury was the first presi-
dent of the newly organized society, which was ambitious from
the first and soon found itself the owner of a cemetery and a
test garden, both in Cambridge. The cemetery was Mt. Auburn
where now sleep many of the country's most illustrious dead,
CENTENARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 17
including the late Henry Cabot Lodge. It was the first public
cemetery in America and has been the pattern for all those
which have come up since. Up to that time cemeteries had
invariably been laid out in the shadow of a church or within
the confines of a city.
The management of the cemetery soon became a major
financial undertaking, however, and interfered seriously with
the society's own activities. After a few years, therefore, a
separation was made, but with the provision that one-fourth
the receipts for lots sold should accrue to the parent organiza-
tion. That very favorable arrangement has been continued
until the present day, with the result that several hundred
thousand dollars have been received by the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society from the Mt. Auburn Cemetery Asso-
The test garden was soon abandoned, too, and thereafter
the society devoted itself strictly to the purposes for which
it was originally formed.
The society's early exhibitions were held in various small
halls and in an effort to find more spacious accommodations it
was decided to use a tent on Boston Common. These tent
shows were conducted for three consecutive Summers but the
uncertainty of the weather led to their abandonment. Two
other shows in tents have been held in more recent years, one
a financial success and one, due again to inclement weather,
a financial failure.
Some of the first public meetings were held in Faneuil Hall,
but the need of a home for the growing society became so
acute that in 1845 a Horticultural Hall located on School
Street and costing $40,000 was erected. This hall was out-
grown in a few years and sold for $90,000, giving a profit
which allowed the construction of a second Horticultural Hall
on Trement Street which, in its day, was one of the show
spots of the city. This building cost $240,000 and was adorned
with huge granite statues representing Ceres, Pomona and
Flora. The society carried on its activities in this building for
35 years before the necessity for a still larger hall brought
about the erection of the present building, which is valued
at at least a million dollars and is rivaled only by the new
building of the Royal Horticultural Society in London.
CENTENARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 19
Many of those who visit this hall only to see its exhibitions
do not realize the many other activities carried on. Yet they
are always welcome on the upper floor, where they will find
the largest horticultural library in America and ' one of the
most complete in the world. This library is open to the public
daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. except on Sundays and holidays,
although only members can take books away. Both the secre-
tary's office and the editorial office of Horticulture are located
on the same floor. Horticultural Hall is the center of the horti-
cultural activities of eastern Massachusetts, most of the vari-
ous horticultural organizations holding their meetings there.
The presidents' gallery is one of the interesting features of
the building, offering in itself an important historical back-
ground, for in this gallery are the portraits of the first presi-
dent, General Dearborn, and many other men who have had
an active part in the society's work down through the century,
including Marshall P. Wilder, who was president for eight
years, Joseph Breck, Charles M. Hovey, Francis B. Hayes,
Arthur F. Estabrook, H. Hollis Hunnewell, John K. M. L.
Farquhar, General Francis Appleton, Dr. Henry P. Walcott
and Nathaniel T. Kidder. Several other men equally prom-
inent are not yet represented. They include John Lowell,
Professor Charles S. Sargent, William C. Endicott, Francis
Parkman, the famous historian, and the present president,
Albert C. Burrage, who has now entered upon his ninth term,
serving for a longer period than any other president in the
history of the society.
Like all organizations the Massachusetts Horticultural So-
ciety has had periods of growth and periods of stagnation.
Under the direction of Mr. Burrage it has advanced to such an
extent that it now has the largest membership in its history,
a total of over 5,000.
The society has been active in promoting every phase of
horticulture. It had much to do in establishing the movement
for children's gardens. It has assisted in the introduction of
many new flowers, plants and fruits and has contributed
consistently to the horticultural literature of the country. In-
deed, its history is interwoven with that of American horti-
culture and it has striven through all the years to justify the
inscription "Commune Bonum" which appears on its seal,
and to be of the widest possible service to all.
Medals and Certificates
The following is a list of medals and certificates awarded
by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society in the year 1928 :
George Robert White Medal of Honor
William Boyce Thompson, Yonkers, N. Y., for eminent
service in horticulture.
Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal
T. D. Hatfield, Wellesley, Mass., originator and propagator
of woody plants.
Thomas Roland Medal
E. G. Hill, Richmond, Ind., skilful originator and grower of
Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York
Mrs. Homer Gage, for a Spring bulb garden, March 20, 1928.
Gold Medal of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society
Thomas Roland, for a display of Acacias, March 20, 1928.
William B. H. Dowse Trophy Cup
William H. Vanderbilt, for a collection of vegetables, August
Silver Medal of American Rose Society
Montgomery Rose Co., for a new Rose Talisman, March
Mar. 20. Mrs. Homer Gage, for a Spring bulb garden.
June 22. Professor A. P. Saunders, for Peony seedlings.
Sept. 8. Bay State Nurseries, for herbaceous and rock
Nov. 2. Edwin S. Webster, for a group of Chrysanthe-
Large Gold Medal
Mar. 20. Mrs. Homer Gage, for a Spring bulb garden.
Mar. 20. Thomas Roland, for a group of Acacias.
Mar. 20. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of Orchids.
May 10. W. A. Manda, for the most artistic exhibit other
than Orchids (Orchid Exhibition, New York).
MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES 21
Oct. 15. R. T. Crane, Jr., Estate, magnificently planned
Nov. 2. Wyman's Framingham Nurseries, for conifers
and berried shrubs.
Nov. 2. Albert C. Burrage, for a display of Orchids.
Nov. 2. Dr. W. G. Kendall, for an artistic and educational
display of Grapes.
Exhibition Gold Medals
Mar. 20. Kelsey-Highlands Nursery, for evergreens and
Mar. 20. Edwin S. Webster, for a display of Orchid plants.
Mar. 20. Mrs. Samuel Cabot, Noanett Garden Club, for the
most meritorious 'exhibit in Garden Club Ex-
May 10. Mrs. William K. DuPont, for the most beautiful
Orchid flower (Orchid Exhibition, New York).
May 10. New York Botanical Garden, for an exhibit of
foliage plants (Orchid Exhibition, New York).
June 16. Butterworth's, for a display of Epidendrum Or-
June 22. Butterworth's, for a display of Miltonia and other
Aug. 18. Jelle Roos, for a display of Gladioli.
Sept. 8. Jelle Roos, for a display of Dahlias.
Sept. 8. Boston Mycological Club, for a collection of
Nov. 2. Joseph Breck & Sons, for a collection of ever-
green coniferous plants.
Nov. 2. Thomas Roland, for a group of Cypripedium Or-
Nov. 2. Louis Vasseur, for a collection of Fruits.
Nov. 2. Parker Bros., for a collection of Apples.
Mar. 20. Howard Coonley, for a group of annuals and
Mar. 20. William H. Vanderbilt, for a group of Lilies.
Mar. 20. Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a display of Hippe-
Mar. 20. F. W. Hunnewell, for a display of Orchid plants.
22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Mar. 20. Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a group of Primulas.
Mar. 20. Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of greenhouse
Mar. 20. R. & J. Farquhar Co., for a group of Azaleas and
Mar. 20. E. H. Wetterlow, for a group of Ericas.
Mar. 20. George Peabody Gardner, Jr., for an exhibit of
Mar. 20. Mrs. Malcolm Seymour, Cohasset Garden Club,
for the Spring planting of a still pool.
Mar. 20. Mrs. John D. Adams, Community Club of Dux-
bury, for still life picture.
May 10. W. A. Manda, for Polypodiums (Orchid Exhibi-
tion, New York).
May 10. W. A. Manda, for two specimen Cycads (Orchid
Exhibition, New York) .
May 10. W. A. Manda, for Kentia Fosteriana (Orchid Ex-
hibition, New York).
May 10. "W. A. Manda, for Phoenix Roebelenii (Orchid Ex-
hibition, New York).
May 10. W. A. Manda, for Phoenix canariensis (Orchid
Exhibition, New York).
May 10. Joseph E. Widener, for group of Palms (Orchid
Exhibition, New York).
June 16. Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears, for an exhibit of Vis-
June 16. Walter Hunn'ewell, for a display of Rhododen-
June 22. Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a display of Peonies.
June 22. "Wilton B. Fay, for a basket of Peonies.
June 22. Mrs. Clement S. Houghton, for a basket of Peonies.
June 22. William F. Dusseault, for a collection of hardy
June 22. Harvard Botanic Garden, for a display of hybrid
June 22. W. B. Parker, for a display of Peonies.
Aug. 18. A. L. Stephen, for a display of Gladioli.
Aug. 18. Butterworth's, for Epidendrum brassavolae.
Aug. 18. Hillcrest Gardens, for a display of Delphiniums.
Aug. 18. C. P. Knight, for a display of vegetables.
Mr, E. G. Hill
of Richmond, Ind., awarded
the Thomas Roland Medal for
his skill in originating and
Mr. T. D. Hatfield
of Wellesley, awarded the
Jackson Dawson Memorial
Medal for his skill in origin-
ating and propagating hard
24 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Sept. 8. Robert Laurie & Sons, for a collection of Del-
Sept. 8. Bay State Nurseries, for hardy herbaceous per-
Sept. 8. Bay State Nurseries, for rock garden plants.
Sept. 8. C. P. Knight, for a collection of Tomatoes.
Sept. 8. J. F. Cummings, for a collection of Tomatoes.
Oct. 15. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott, for an estate devel-
oped in a naturalistic manner.
Oct. 15. Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton, for a collection
of alpine plants and a moraine.
Nov. 2. Edwin S. Webster, for a specimen Begonia.
Nov. 2. Edwin S. "Webster, for a group of Chrysanthe-
Nov. 2. Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a specimen plant of
Nov. 2. Mrs. Homer Loring, for a specimen Chrysanthe-
Nov. 2. William H. Vanderbilt, for cut Chrysanthemum
Nov. 2. Bay State Nurseries, for evergreens and berried
Nov. 2. Butterworth's, for a group of Orchids.
Exhibition Silver Medals
May 10. Charles D. Armstrong, for a specimen Davallia
(Orchid Exhibition, New York).
C. M. Woolley, for an exhibit of Bromeliads (Or-
chid Exhibition, New York).
William Kleinheinz, for the superior culture of
Adiantums (Orchid Exhibition, New York).
W. A. Manda, for Cibotium Schiedei (Orchid Ex-
hibition, New York).
W. A. Manda, for a specimen Polypodium (Orchid
Exhibition, New York).
W. A. Manda, for a specimen Angiopteris erecta
(Orchid Exhibition, New York).
Dr. J. Henry Lancashire, for a group of Lilies.
Charles Potter, for a vase of Anemones.
MEbALS Attt) CERTIFICATES 25
Mar. 20. Mrs. Walter D. Brooks, Milton Garden Club, for
a still life picture.
Mar. 20. Mrs. Samuel Cabot, Noanett Garden Club, for
Spring planting of a still pool.
June 16. Mrs. G. G. Whitney, for a collection of cut flowers
of flowering shrubs.
June 16. Harvard Botanic Garden, for herbaceous cut
June 22. Indian Spring Farm, for a basket of Peonies.
June 22. W. C. Otis, for a basket of Peonies.
June 22. Market Garden Field Station, for Lettuce and
June 22. Harvard Botanic Garden, for a collection of hardy
Aug. 18. Seabrook Nurseries, for a display of Gladioli.
Sept. 8. White & Johnson, for hardy herbaceous peren-
Sept. 8. Wyman's Framingham Nurseries, for dwarf ever-
Nov. 2. Mrs. Homer Loring, for a group of Chrysanthe-
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for a specimen Begonia.
Mrs. Homer Loring, for a specimen Chrysanthe-
Mrs. Homer Gage, for cut Chrysanthemum blooms.
Mrs. William E. Clark, for a collection of Cacti.
Mrs. H. H. Buxton, for a collection of house-grown
First Class Certificate of Merit
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Royal George, exhibited by
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Pallas Athena, exhibited by
Albert C. Burrage.
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Perseus Queen Alexandra, ex-
hibited by Albert C. Burrage.
Mar. 20. To Azalea Louisa Hunnewell, exhibited by Walter
Mar. 20. To Odontoglossum ardentissimum Sir Douglas
Haig, exhibited by Albert C. Burrage.
26 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICUI/PURAL SOCIETY
June 22. To Peony Argosy (P. moutan x P. lutea), exhib-
ited by Prof. A. P. Saunders.
Sept. 8. To Melon Cotting's Hybrid, exhibited by C. B.
Award of Merit
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Mem. F. "W. Ogilvie, Chardwar
var., exhibited by Thomas Roland.
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Mario Westonbirt var., exhibited
by Thomas Roland.
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Gigas Corndean Hall, exhibited
by Thomas Roland.
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Prince Albert, exhibited by Al-
bert C. Burrage.
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Curtisii exquisitum, exhibited by
Albert C. Burrage.
Jan. 9. Ty Cypripedium Curtisii exquisitum, exhibited by
Albert C. Burrage.
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Formidable, exhibited by Edwin
Jan. 9. To Cypripedium Pilatus, exhibited by Edwin S.
Jan. 9. To Carnation Early Rose, exhibited by S. J. God-
Mar. 20. To Rose Talisman, exhibited by Montgomery Rose
Mar. 20. To Brassocattleya Trimabilis, exhibited by Albert
Mar. 20. To Brassocattleya Fulgens, exhibited by Albert C.
Mar. 20. To Miltonia Bleuana nobile, exhibited by Albert C.
Mar. 20. To Brassocattleya Cliftonii, The Globe, exhibited
by Edwin S. Webster.
June 16. To Alstroemeria haemantha rosea, exhibited by
Harvard Botanic Garden.
June 22. To Peony Joy (P. albiflora x P. lobata), exhibited
by Prof. A. P. Saunders.
MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES 27
June 22. To Gunnera manicata, exhibited by Harvard
Nov. 2. To Brassocattleya Minerva aurea, exhibited by
Albert C. Burrage.
Nov. 2. To Laeliocattleya Queen Mary, exhibited by Al-
bert 0. Burrage.
Vote of Commendation
Mar. 20. To specimen Marguerite, exhibited by Mrs. R. M.
Mar. 20. To group of flowering plants, exhibited by Jelle
June 22. To display of Alstroemerias, exhibited by Harvard
Sept. 8. To new Gaillardia Herbert Hoover, exhibited by
Robert Laurie & Son.
Sept. 8. To Dianthus Lindy, exhibited by Robert Laurie
Nov. 2. To collection of house-grown Begonias, exhibited
by Mrs. H. H. Buxton.
Nov. 2. To Fig trees in tubs, exhibited by I. A. Racz.
Nov. 2. To Flageolet Beans, exhibited by Dr. Walter G.
Nov. 2. To tomato plant grafted on potato plant, exhib-
ited by Dr. Walter G. Kendall.
Mar. 20. To William MacBean, for Lilies.
Mar. 20. To G. Peabody Gardner, Jr., for Cyclamen.
June 16. To G. E. Palmer, for standard Fuchsias.
June 16. To Peter Arnott, for hybrid Calceolarias.
June 16. To Butterworth's, for Epidendrum Orchids.
June 16. To Market Garden Field Station, for Lettuce and
Sept. 8. To Dr. Walter G. Kendall, for Carman Peaches.
Sept. 8. To C. E. Cotting, for Melon Cotting's Hybrid.
Vote of Thanks
Mar. 20. To F. W. Hunnewell, for Ardisias.
Mar. 20. To Walter Hunnewell, for Kurume Azaleas.
Mar. 20. To Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears, for cut Camellias.
June 22. To James Donald, for Rhubarb.
28 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Aug. 18. To William E. Clark, for cut Gladioli.
Sept. 8. To Dr. Walter G Kendall, for Elderberry, Adams.
Sept. 8. To Louis Vasseur, for blooms of tuberous-rooted
Sept. 8. To Hillcrest Gardens, for Zinnias.
Nov. 2. To Mrs. Homer Loring, for specimen Chrysanthe-
Nov. 2. To Breck Robinson Co., for climbing Ivies.
Nov. 2. To Mrs. W. Rodman Peabody, for Gourds.
Oct. 15. Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman, for a garden on a
Oct. 15. Mrs. Robert C. Allen, for a rock garden.
Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens
Eben H. Bamberry, Jamaica Plain.
Arthur L. Belyea, Jamaica Plain.
William Broderick, Roxbury.
Sophie De Luco, Brighton.
Mildred E. DeMarsh, Brockton.
Edward C. Erlandson, Jamaica Plain.
William Farquhar, Roslindale.
Edward W. Flaherty, Jamaica Plain.
Edna Gagnon, Dodgeville.
Walter E. Hanhy, Brockton.
Roger Hartwell, Brockton.
David Low, Roslindale.
William Morse, Allston.
Charles W. H. Mullin, Jamaica Plain.
Carlisle Nason, Wellesley.
Arthur Phillips, Jr., Boston.
Ralph Rosendahl, Dorchester.
Jean Schmidt, Jamaica Plain.
Edson Scholz, Jamaica Plain.
Bernice Schubert, Boston.
Alfred J. Sinopoli, Boston.
Sherwood C. Stedman, Brockton.
Lawrence E. Sundberg, Brockton.
Raymond L. Willis, Brockton.
George Robert White Medal Award
It was announced by the Trustees in November, 1928, that
the George Robert White Medal of Honor had been awarded
to Colonel William Boyce Thompson of Yonkers, N. Y., for
eminent service in horticulture. This is considered the highest
horticultural award in America and is made possible by a
fund of $10,000 left to the Massachusetts Horticultural So-
ciety by the late George Robert White, one of Boston's great-
It is felt that Colonel Thompson richly merits this award
because of the great work which he has done in advancing
horticulture in this country, and especially in the line of
research. At Yonkers he has established and endowed the
Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, which was
opened for the first time in September, 1924. Here has been
assembled the best possible equipment for studying the com-
plete life of plants in all its phases. A staff has been organized
covering a wide range of technical branches and the practical
problems which have to do with plant growth are being
studied under the most favorable conditions.
Many unique appliances have been developed and green-
houses have been constructed for the special purpose of plant
investigation. A notable piece of equipment is that which
provides for supplementing daylight by artificial light at
night. It is an enormous gantry crane which can be moved
over one of the greenhouses at night and removed during the
day. This crane carries 48 1,000-watt lights, which produce
illuminating intensity equivalent to that of daylight.
Many important facts have been obtained from a study of
sunlight passing through glass of different kinds and florists
have been helped by investigations to determine the conditions
under which seeds germinate the most satisfactorily.
The puzzling mosaic and yellows diseases which are so
disastrous to asters, peaches and other important crops are
being investigater to determine their nature. Much work has
been done on the diseases of decorative plants in co-operation
with the nurserymen, florists and horticulturists. Fungicides
and insecticides have been formulated and, among many tried,
a sulphur compound has been secured which is very effective
Colonel William Boyce Thompson
Awarded the George Bobert White Medal of
Honor in 1928
GEORGE ROBERT WHITE MEDAL AWARD 31
in controlling such pests as coddling moth, leaf roller and
apple scab. !
The Boyce Thompson Institute is trying to meet both the
scientific need and the public demand, yet wherein government
controlled investigations are often urged to secure practical
results at the expense of overlooking the fundamentals, this
institute is independent and its main purpose is to discover
the laws of plant development and to use this knowledge in
the handling of plants. Proceeding in this way, there is equal
promise for advance in plant science and of improvement in
The activities of Colonel Thompson have been varied, for
while his business is banking, he has held important offices
such as head of the American Red Cross Mission to Russia in
1917, as well as being a member of the advisory commission
to the American delegation in the conference on the limitation
of armaments in 1921. Serving in these capacities, Colonel
Thompson became so impressed with the dependence of hu-
manity upon plants and their products that he felt a great
public service could be rendered by providing for funda-
mental research to discover the possibilities of new horti-
cultural practice. With this in view, the present institute was
founded, and there can be no doubt of its usefulness due
wholly to the foresight, liberality and horticultural enthusi-
asm of Colonel William Boyce Thompson himself.
Gardens for Which Awards Were
Made in 1928
The estate of Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Crane, Jr., at Ipswich,
Mass., which was awarded the large gold medal of the Mas-
sachusetts Horticultural Society in 1928, contains one of the
most beautiful gardens in America. This estate, called Castle
Hill, occupies about 3,000 acres and is located on an eleva-
tion 164 feet in height, commanding an unbroken view of
ocean, beach, sand dunes, marshes, pastures and orchards.
Mr. John Burnham Brown, who sold Castle Hill to Mr.
Crane, was a great lover of trees ; he planted hundreds of
European larches, Scots pine, Douglas fir, Colorado blue
spruce, Nordmann fir, red pine, white pine, Austrian pine,
maples, elms, birches, oaks, mountain ash and others. These
trees are now more than 40 years old and many of them are
An Italian garden was laid out in 1914, the architectural
work being done by Olmsted Brothers, and the planting under
the supervision of Mrs. Crane. The plants are mostly her-
baceous perennials, and the arrangement is held strictly to an
effective color scheme. The colors are blue and blue shades,
pink and pink shades, and white.
A large rose garden was designed and constructed in 1917
by Arthur Shurtleff and the planting was done by Mrs.
Harriet E. Foote of Marblehead. The plants have grown
luxuriantly and the standard roses are especially handsome.
The roses in the beds include hundreds of varieties, mostly
A vegetable garden when laid out with taste and planted
with care gives as much pleasure and enjoyment as any other
kind of garden. There is such a garden on the Crane estate,
the architectural part of which was designed by Mr. Shurtleff.
This garden is about two acres in extent, with grapes, apples
and pears trained on the walls, and the planting is done each
season with the purpose of creating a pleasing effect. This
garden contains practically every kind of vegetable that will
grow in this section of the country. There is also an extensive
36 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
border of herbs, all labeled with the common and botanical
The planting around the mansion, which is new, is ex-
tremely simple and dignified, being carried out with ever-
greens for the most part. There are large groups and clumps
of evergreens in close proximity to the house, while extensive
beautiful green rolling lawns stretch away to the ocean. Many
other interesting features, such as grass tennis courts, a maze,
a swimming pool and a golf course are to be found on this
estate. On Choate Island, a part of the estate, 90,000 small
trees — red pine, Scots pine, Austrian pine, Norway spruce and
white spruce — were planted in 1927.
The silver medal awarded to Mr. and, Mrs. Clement S.
Houghton of Chestnut Hill, Mass., was for a marvellous
collection of alpine plants and the development of a charming
wild garden and moraine. It is indeed a revelation to find
within the city limits so naturalistic a treatment, where birds
are quite at home and where one may stroll along a sun-
flecked dingle beside a quiet stream.
The wildest part of the estate is devoted to a rock garden
surrounded by large oaks and clumps of birches. Happily,
the place abounds with natural ledges of puddlestone of a
neutral gray color which blends perfectly with dwarf ever-
greens growing amid masses of rock plants.
A more recent addition to the rock garden is the moraine,
which has two compartments, one for lime-loving plants and
the other for acid-loving subjects. Those which naturally
enjoy the cool soil and full sun at high altitudes are being
tried in this moraine where sub-irrigation is provided during
the dry Summer months by perforated water pipes.
Here, pale blue Gentiana Farreri came through the Winter
successfully. Miniature Myosotis rupicolor with flowers of
blue and yellow has proved to be sturdy. Androsace villosa
and its variety arachnoidea, and A. sempervivoides required
only slight protection. Dainty Campanula pusilla is also in
The charm of these delightful gardens lies in the expert
use of the natural plant growth and rock formations already
existing on the grounds. Furthermore, one is impressed with
Wooded Path on the Estate of Mr. and Mrs, Clement S. Houghton
38 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
the idea that plants are in the place intended for them by
Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott of West Manchester were
awarded a silver medal in 1928 for a garden, the special
charm of which lies in a happy combination of cultural
skill with the preservation of rugged natural features.
Situated on the summit of a high bluff fronting the ocean,
with an abundance of native trees, — oaks, maples, pines
and elms, some of the latter being of majestic proportions, —
and with picturesque outcrops of red granite here and there,
it would be attractive even were there no garden cultivation
whatever. But the natural contours of the ground have been
taken advantage of in the planning and maintenance of sev-
eral garden units, which, both in themselves and by virtue of
their surroundings, are exceedingly delightful. There is a
lovely terrace effect in the southward slope from the level of
the residence to the edge of the bluff. Thence a smooth grassy
path, well-shaded, leads along the edge of the bluff, through
a wild garden of unusual interest, to the rock garden. This
is wholly natural in its construction, the slope of the ledge
and its numerous pockets affording opportunity for the suc-
cessful cultivation of numerous alpines and other dwarf
plants in great variety.
From the rock garden a winding path leads beneath some
noble white pines to a level area, right in the midst of native
shrubs and trees, which has been utilized in the development
of a very charming perennial garden. Here the planting, while
partially formal in design, is choice in selection, harmonious
in color arrangement, and rich in variety. There is an entire
absence of display, the single piece of statuary at the end of
the central path being in striking accord with the general
plan, while the obvious intent of the garden is that of a
precious adjunct to the home. A notable and unusual feature
of the garden is the presence of several laburnum trees,
whose pendent clusters of golden blossoms in mid-June make
a picture of rare beauty.
It is the simple truth to say that the success of the garden,
both as a whole and in its minutest elements, is due to the
wise planning and unremitting efforts of Mrs. Abbott herself.
GARDENS FOR WHICH AWARDS WERE MADE IN 1928 41
Mrs. Eobert C. Allen of Worcester, who was awarded a
garden certificate, has a rock garden which she planned and
constructed in 1922 on a rough plot of sloping grass land
measuring 80 by 40 feet. Existing pines, larches, a picturesque
apple tree and a demolished stone wall furnished the essen-
tials for the garden as first planned, but in true artist fashion,
Mrs. Allen has continually reworked the design to acquire a
Native plant material is used in one section of the garden
where such subjects as white trillium, maidenhair fern and
numerous wild flowers flourish. Along the winding paths are
tastefully grouped, among other plants, Cypripedium acaule,
parviflorum and pubescens, Epigaea repens, Shortia galaci-
folia, closed and fringed gentians, Iris prismatica, Azalea
nudiflora and viscosa, and scarlet pimpernel. In addition,
there are hosts of familiar rock plants so indispensable in
such a planting. Sedums had been used in the past for quick
effects, but many rare alpines are in the seed beds this year,
so that Mrs. Allen expects to add over 100 new kinds of
plants to her present extensive collection.
The garden of Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman at Longmeadow,
near Springfield, for which the owners were awarded a
garden certificate, was highly praised by the committee, sev-
eral members of which visited it. This garden is located on
a city lot. It was planned and is cared for by Mr. and Mrs.
Lyman, who are real lovers of flowers and shrubs. Mrs.
Lyman is the sister of the late Dr. Walter Van Fleet of
Washington, who originated the climbing rose which bears
his name and many others which are found in gardens every-
where. Mrs. Lyman is a writer as well as a flower lover and
has produced some very creditable verse.
42 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Exhibitions of the Centennial Year 1929
March 19-23. Centennial Plant and Flower Exhibition at
Tuesday, 1 to 10 P. M. ; "Wednesday, Thursday, Friday
and Saturday, 9 A. M. to 10 P. M.
June 15-16. Iris, Rhododendron and Azalea Exhibition.
Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M.
June 22-23. Peony, Rose, Strawberry and Sweet Pea
Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P.M.
August 24-25. Gladiolus Exhibition.
Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M.
September 7-8. Exhibition of the Products of Children's
Saturday and Sunday, 1 to 6 P. M.
September 14-15. Dahlia Exhibition.
Saturday, 2.30 to 9 P. M. ; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M.
Oct. 30 -Nov. 3. Grand Autumn Exhibition of Plants,
Flowers, Fruits and Vegetables.
"Wednesday, 2.30 to 9 P.M.; Thursday, Friday and Satur-
day, 10 A. M. to 9 P.M.; Sunday, 12 M. to 9 P. M.
*A11 these exhibitions, except the one in March, will be held in Horticultural
Annuals for the Home Garden*
Everyone who has a garden should grow and probably
will grow some annuals, although it is not recommended
that a garden should consist of annuals only. They will
always be popular, for as Dr. Liberty Hyde Bailey, our pre-
eminent American horticulturist, has said: "The garden of
annuals will perhaps always remain the garden of the
millions, for the planting fever will never fail to appear
in its most malignant form in the Spring."
Why should annuals be grown in the home garden ? Eight
reasons can easily be given ; let us consider them briefly.
1. Annuals give quick returns. The seeds are sown outdoors
at some time in May, or perhaps indoors in March or
April, and the plants in many instances begin to flower in
June. There is no waiting, as is so frequently true of
many herbaceous perennials which do not bloom until the
2. Annuals are inexpensive; they are even cheap. Many
kinds can be obtained at prices ranging from five cents
to twenty-five cents per packet, while those which cost a
dollar or more per packet are few. The higher priced
varieties are usually forms which are not yet commonly
available. Of course if seeds are purchased each year for
the same garden or plot of ground, the expense is going to
present quite a total but for any one season a garden of
annuals is cheap.
3. A great mass and variety of color is provided by the
annuals. It is only necessary to consider the variety of
color that is included among such plants as China asters,
or zinnias, or sweet peas, to make us realize the truth of
4. Freedom of bloom is also a pronounced characteristic of
many annuals. Not only are flowers produced freely but
with some, such as sweet peas and calendulas, the more
the flowers are picked, the longer the plants will bloom.
5. Some of the annuals have fragrance, a quality which is
frequently desirable. Mignonette, for example, should be
grown for its fragrance even if it is not striking in color.
*A lecture by Clark L. Thayer of the Department of Floriculture, at the Mas-
sachusetts Agricultural College, Amherst, Mass., delivered at Horticultural Hall,
Boston, June 23, 1928.
44 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
6. Beauty of form or line is also characteristic of many
annuals. Such flowers as double calendulas and double
African marigolds are more or less conventional in nature
but such flowers as sweet peas, nasturtiums, salpiglossis,
and poppies are beautiful because of their form as well
as because of their color.
7. Annuals are of great value in supplementing the herba-
ceous perennials ; this is one of the most important reasons
why annuals should be grown in the home garden. During
the first season of a new perennial garden there will be
much bare ground due to the fact that perennials do not
attain their full size the first year. Annuals may be used
to good advantage in covering this bare ground and mak-
ing the garden or border more attractive. Then again some
of the perennials become rather unsightly during the
Summer; some may even lose their foliage entirely; for
example, Spring-flowering bulbs, oriental poppies, ere-
murus, and others. What can be better than annuals to
carry on the season of bloom when such perennials have
8. Finally, many of the best flowers which are used for cut-
ting are included among the annuals. It is true that many
of the perennials are satisfactory for cutting, but in many
instances there is only one short period of bloom; they
are beautiful while they are available but that is for a
short time only. On the other hand, as stated previously,,
the more certain annuals are picked, the better the plants
will produce. Some people do not like to cut flowers; they
prefer to see them growing in the garden in their natural
manner rather than to see them cut, brought into the
house, and placed in a more or less artificial setting. Yet
there are multitudes of people who want quantities of
flowers in the home; such persons should have a definite
"cut flower garden," from which flowers may be cut as
freely as desired without thinking whether the appearance
of the garden is going to be injured. In a cut flower garden
the plants should preferably be grown in rows to facilitate
cultivation ; however, such planting also makes it easier to
get at the flowers.
Now that we have considered the reasons for growing
annuals let us think for a moment of the objections to them.
In the first place, they are temporary. Seeds must be sown
every year unless the plants are allowed to "self sow" the
previous season which is not always a desirable practice.
Such "volunteer" seedlings are not always transplanted or
Sweet Peas Are Among the Most Useful of Annuals
46 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
thinned out with the result that they do not prove satis-
factory. If given proper treatment such plants may bloom
earlier than those from Spring sown seed.
The second and final objection is that the season for
annuals as a general class is short. We might say that it is
governed by the late frosts in the Spring and the early
frosts in the Fall. Some annuals, such as sweet alyssum, will
flower until the arrival of extremely cold weather, but many
succumb to the first Fall frost. Compare the length of such
a blooming season with that of the perennials, snowdrops
and Christmas roses blooming during the Winter months
and hardy chrysanthemums sometimes in November, with
an abundance of bloom in the other months.
Let me now give you two lists of annuals that are desirable
for garden purposes. The first includes those annuals which
are members of the large botanical family, the compositae,
the composite or daisy family:
Miscellaneous Annuals of the Family Compositae
Arctotis grandis. Bushy Arctotis.
Brachycome iberidifolia. Swan-River-Daisy.
Calendula officinalis. Calendula.
Callistephus chinensis. China-Aster.
Centaurea cyanus. Cornflower.
Centaurea moschata (C. imperialis). Sweet-Sultan.
Chrysanthemum carinatum. Summer Chrysanthemum.
Coreopsis tinctoria. Calliopsis.
Coreopsis Drummondii. Golden Wave.
Cosmos bipinnatus. Cosmos.
Dimorphotheca aurantiaca. Winter Cape-Marigold.
Gaillardia pulchella. Rose-Ring Gaillardia.
Gaillardia pulchella var. picta. Painted Gaillardia.
Helianthus annuus. Common Sunflower.
Helianthus annuus fl. pi. Double Sunflower.
Helianthus annuus nanus fl. pi. Globes of Gold.
Helianthus annuus. Red Sunflowers.
Helianthus argophyllus. Silver Leaf Sunflower.
Helianthus debilis (cucumerifolius). Cucumber Sunflower.
Helichrysum bracteatum. Strawflower.
Helipterum Manglesii (Rhodanthe Manglesii). Mangles
Helipterum roseum (Acroclinium roseum). Rose Ever-
ANNUALS FOR THE HOME GARDEN 47
Rudbeckia bicolor superba. Erfurt Coneflower.
Sanvitalia procumbens. Common Sanvitalia.
Tagetes erecta. Aztec Marigold.
Tagetes patula. French Marigold.
Tagetes signata pumila. Dwarf Striped Marigold.
Zinnia elegans. Common Zinnia.
Zinnia Haageana. Orange Zinnia.
In glancing through this list you will note that it includes
some of our most common garden flowers, as for example,
the calendulas or pot marigolds, the China asters, the
cosmos, the sunflowers, several strawflowers, French and
African marigolds and zinnias.
Our second list, "Some Desirable Annuals," includes some
which are found in the first list, but it is made up chiefly
of plants belonging to other botanical families. Doubtless
you will note many of your garden favorites but perhaps
there are some which are not very familiar to you :
Some Desirable Annuals
1. Allyssum maritinmm var. Little Gem. Sweet Alyssum.
2. Antirrhinum majus. Snapdragon.
3. Arctotis grandis. Bushy Arctotis.
4. Brachycome iberidifolia. Swan-River-Daisy.
5. Calendula officinalis. Calendula.
6. Callistephus chinensis. China Aster.
7. Celosia Childsi. Chinese Woolflower.
8. Celosia cristata. Common Cockscomb.
9. Centaurea cyanus. Cornflower.
10. Centaurea moschata. Sweet Sultan.
11. Chrysanthemum carinatum. Summer Chrysanthemum.
12. Clarkia elegans var. Salmon Queen. Clarkia.
13. Cobaea scandens. Purplebell Cobaea.
14. Coreopsis Drummondii. Golden Wave.
15. Coreopsis tinctoria. Calliopsis.
16. Cosmos bipinnatus. Cosmos.
17. Delphinium ajacis. Rocket Larkspur.
18. Delphinium consolida. Field Larkspur.
19. Dianthus chinensis. Chinese Pink.
Helipterum Manglesi (Rhodanthe Manglesi). Mangles
21. Eschscholtzia calif ornica. California Poppy.
22. Gaillardia pulchella var. picta. Painted Gaillardia.
23. Gilia capitata. Globe Gilia.
24. Gomphrena globosa. Globe Amaranth.
25. Gypsophila elegans. Common Gypsophila.
26. Helianthus debilis (cucumerifolius). Cucumber Sun-
27. Helichrysum bracteatum. Strawflower.
48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
28. Helipterum (Rhodanthe) Manglesii. Mangles Ever-
29. Humulus japonica. Japanese Hop.
30. Hunnemannia fumariaefolia. Goldencup.
31. Iberis amara. White Candytuft.
32. Iberis umbellata. Purple Candytuft.
33. Impatiens balsamina. Garden Balsam.
34. Ipomoea purpurea. Common Morning Glory.
35. Kochia scoparia. Belvedere.
36. Lathyrus odoratus. Sweet Pea.
37. Linum grandiflorum. Flowering Flax.
38. Lobelia erinus. Edging Lobelia.
39. Lupinus hirsutus. European Blue Lupine.
40. Matthiola incana var. annua. Annual Stock.
41. Mirabilis jalapa. Four o'Clock.
42. Nicotiana alata (amnis). Winged Tobacco.
43. Nigella damascena var. Miss Jekyll. Love-in-a-Mist.
44. Papaver rhoeas. Corn Poppy. Shirley types.
45. Papaver somniferum. Opium Poppy.
46. Petunia hybrida. Petunia.
47. Phlox Drummondii. Drummond Phlox.
48. Portulaca grandif olia. Common Portulaca.
49. Reseda odorata. Mignonette.
50. Ricinus communis. Castor-Bean.
51. Salpiglossis sinuata. Scalloped Salpiglossis.
52. Sanvitalia proeumbens var fi. pi. Double Sanvitalia.
53. Scabiosa atropurpurea. Sweet Scabiosa.
54. Schizanthus pinnatus. Wingleaf Butterflyflower.
55. Tagetes erecta. Aztec Marigold.
56. Tagetes patula. French Marigold.
57. Tropaeolum majus. Climbing Nasturtium.
58. Tropaeolum minus. Bush Nasturtium.
59. Verbena hybrida. Verbena.
60. Zinnia elegans. Common Zinnia.
61. Zinnia Haageana. Orange Zinnia.
62. Zinnia Haageana var. Perfection.
You will note that very few horticultural or garden vari-
eties are given in these lists. I would like now to give you a
few varieties in some of the more common flowers :
Calendula: Orange King, Lemon Queen, and Ball's vari-
China Aster : Many types, especially Crego, Comet, King,
Royal, and Late Branching.
Cornflower or Bachelor's Button: Double Blue, Double
White, and Double Pink.
Cosmos: Extra Early Flowering, Pink and White. In
some years the seasons apparently are not long enough
for the Lady Lenox varieties to come into bloom.
ANNUALS FOR THE HOME GARDEN 49
Garden Balsam: Camellia-flowered type.
Sweet Pea : Spencer varieties.
Nicotiana or Winged Tobacco: White flowered forms if
fragrance is desired; open in the evening and on dull
Opium Poppy: Peony-flowered and Carnation-flowered
Petunia: Ruffled Giants if size is desired and any of the
Balcony Petunias if freedom of bloom is preferable to
Seabiosa or Sweet Scabious: Shasta, white; Peach Blos-
som, pink; Azure Fairy, lavender; Black Prince, dark
French Marigold: Legion of Honor, Golden Ball, Lemon
Verbena: Mayflower; propagated from cuttings or
Zinnia: Dahlia-flowered types for size; Mexican type,
variety Perfection, small flowers in a wide range of
colors and combinations of colors.
Strawflower: Helichrysums if size and wide color range
are desired; Helipterums for gracefulness and light
Before giving you a list of desirable annuals for cutting I
would like to discuss this subject briefly. As already stated,
if many flowers are desired for cutting, a definite area should
be set aside as a cut flower garden. If a few annuals only are
wanted occasionally during the Summer, such flowers may
be cut from the flower border or garden, but when this
border or garden is maintained for display purposes, it
should not be the source of supply for house decoration. It
is much more desirable to have a plot where flowers may be
grown and cut at will without detracting from the beauty
of the main garden. On many home grounds this cut flower
garden can be a part of the vegetable garden, possibly a
corner, or in a border on one side or even surrounding the
Secondly, in a cut flower garden the plants should be set
in rows, with the rows far enough apart to allow the use of
a wheel hoe or an ordinary hand hoe. This will simplify cul-
tivation greatly and will decrease to a great extent the
amount of hand weeding necessary when plants are set
closely. The distance between plants in the row will natu-
rally vary with different kinds of plants but a distance of
50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
15 to 18 inches between rows is desirable. Such plants as
cosmos, which are tall growing and branch freely, will give
better results if the plants are two feet or more apart, with
the same distance between rows. On the other hand, gladioli
may be planted so closely in the row that the bulbs almost
touch, but 15 or 18 inches should be allowed between rows.
A general rule is that the distance between plants should be
one-half the ultimate height of the plant. Thus, if a certain
variety of cosmos grows to a height of six feet, the plants
should be three feet apart; if a certain strain of zinnias is
two feet tall, the plants should be one foot apart. Of course
there are exceptions to this rule, for example, the gladiolus.
Flowers grown for cutting should be produced on long
stems ; short stemmed material is not very satisfactory un-
less low, mass effects are being arranged. Pansies grown in
the garden are usually so short stemmed that they can be
used in low bowls or plates, with ferns, carrot leaves, or
some other fine foliage or background. Flowers of the garden
balsam, produced on short spurs, are pleasing in shallow
dishes only unless the entire plant is cut.
A variety of color is desirable so that numerous harmoni-
ous color combinations may be obtained. Good keeping qual-
ities are also desirable but not essential. Annual poppies
may not survive long when used as cut flowers but they are
indeed beautiful until the petals fall; gladiolus and China
asters may keep so long that we get tired of them before
they are discarded.
I would now like to give you a list of ten annuals desirable
for use as cut flowers; I do not say the ten best for who
has the right to say what are the ten best for all conditions
and circumstances? The plants are given in alphabetical
order, not in order of importance:
1. Calendula. Pot Marigold.
2. Callistephus. China Aster.
3. Centaurea cyamis. Cornflower or Bachelor's Button.
4. Cosmos bipinnatus. Cosmos.
5. Lathyrus odoratus. Sweet Pea.
6. Reseda odorata. Mignonette.
7. Salpiglossis sinuata. Painted Tongue.
8. Scabiosa atropurpurea. Sweet Scabiosa.
9. Tropaeolum majus. Climbing Nasturtium.
10. Zinnia. Various types.
ANNUALS FOR THE HOME GARDEN 51
Ten fragrant annuals. Please bear in mind the fact that
fragrance is a matter of personal choice; what might seem
fragrant to one person might be an objectionable odor to
1. Alyssum. Sweet Alyssum.
2. Antirrhinum. Snapdragon.
3. Iberis. Candytuft.
4. Lathyrus odoratus. Sweet Pea.
5. Matthiola incana var. annua. Annual Stock.
6. Nicotiana. White Winged Tobacco.
8. Reseda. Mignonette.
9. Tropaeolum. Nasturtium.
10. Verbena var. Mayflower.
Annuals are frequently used for bedding purposes, espe-
cially those forms which branch freely or have a compact
habit of growth. The following list may offer some sugges-
2. Sweet Alyssum; edging purposes.
3. China Aster.
4. Dimorphotheca ; good on sandy soils.
6. French and African Marigolds.
8. Annual Phlox.
9. Portulaca; good on sandy soils.
To this list should probably be added the ricinus or castor
bean, that plant which is frequently seen, poorly placed, in
the midst of a small home lawn.
In closing I want to remind you that there are also some
desirable vines among the annuals. Probably the morning
glories and the nasturtiums are most commonly known.
Sweet peas may also be included among the vines but they
are not grown primarily for shade or screening. The hya-
cinth bean, Dolichos lablab, and the purple bell cobaea,
Cobaea scandens, are deserving of greater popularity; the
latter will not produce a dense screen but it does grow
rapidly and its bell-shaped flowers are very attractive.
Frontispiece of a Rare Book in the Library of the
Massachusetts Horticultural Society
The Library, 1829-1929
When the forming of a horticultural society in Massachu-
setts was being discussed, one of the points in its favor was
the ability of such an organization to collect books, espe-
cially expensive ones that many members could not afford
for themselves. Consequently, when the Society was organ-
ized in the early months of 1829, a committee on the library
was among the four standing committees created. The So-
ciety took the collecting of a library seriously, and gifts of
books and money began to come in at once. Robert Manning
was the first donor, and John Lowell, J. M. Gourgas and the
firm of Grant Thorburn and Son were also prompt to give
volumes from their private libraries. To raise a book fund, a
subscription box was put on the table, so that any members
who wished could contribute.
When the first catalogue was published in the "New En-
gland Farmer" (August 10, 1831) nearly two hundred vol-
umes were included and the quality of the list was excellent.
In it were such classics as Evelyn's "Silva" and Michaux's
"North American Sylva," but the cream of the collection was
Duhamel du Monceau's "Traite des Arbres Fruitiers ; nou-
velle edition augmentee par A. Poiteau et P. J. F. Turpin."
Even today, in a library of extraordinary richness, this set is
among the treasures of the collection.
For several years the library flourished, but during the
late '40s and '50s the interests of the members centered in
other activities, and the upkeep and use of the book collec-
tion suffered. Eighteen hundred sixty-five brought two re-
juvenating influences — a new home and a new administra-
tion. The completion of the second Horticultural Hall gave
the library adequate room, for which it had been suffering
for several years. At the same time, a new Committee took
over its affairs and re-established it as an active factor in the
life of the Society. Moving into the new hall gave an excel-
lent chance for reclassifying the whole collection, printing a
54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
revised catalogue, and establishing the definite policy of
making the library as complete as possible. Consequently the
end of 1868 found the collection in good order, with a new
standing as one of the major undertakings of the Society.
Eighteen hundred sixty-nine was the turning point in the
library's history. In this year Josiah Stickney, a former presi-
dent of the Society, died, and in his will provided generously
for the library. The bequest gave an income of seven hun-
dred dollars a year for thirty years. The principal then re-
verted to Harvard College and our interest in it ceased. Such
a liberal gift (far more than the Society had ever appro-
priated) made possible purchases otherwise far out of reach,
especially in the field of elaborately illustrated works issued
in limited editions. It happened, fortunately, that this fund
came to the Society at a time when such works were not in
great demand and were, consequently, not expensive.
Some of the books bought with Stickney fund money could
not now be obtained at any price, and all of them have in-
creased many times in value. Thus the years between 1869
and 1899 saw the library grow constantly richer in books of
great artistic beauty and scientific value. The library began
to acquire a reputation as one of the great collections of the
literature of horticulture, and accordingly drew to it, as
such collections will, gifts and bequests of great value from
other sources. The most remarkable of these acquisitions was
^'hat has come to be known as the "Davenport herbarium,"
a complete collection of the species and varieties of ferns
growing north of Mexico, made by George H. Davenport
and given by him to the Society.
During the 1880s two important undertakings were set on
foot. The first was the systematic collection of horticultural
trade catalogues from all parts of the world. Who originated
the idea we do not know, but it formed the beginning of a
collection that now numbers over seventeen thousand items.
Such a file has many angles of interest, whether in represent-
ing the growth of a firm, the national development of an
THE LIBRARY, 1829-1929 55
industry, or the history of the cultivation and dissemination
of a single species or variety. It is consulted many times a
year by horticultural research workers, and is one of the
few great collections of source material on that aspect of the
modern history of cultivated plants.
At about the same time a card index to illustrations was
begun. There was, it is true, an excellent printed index. But
there was a long list of works not covered by it, and many
fine and useful pictures of plants were therefore nearly as
useless to readers as if they were not in the library at all.
Accordingly, funds Were provided and a worker engaged to
make a supplementary index to a large number of sets. In
the course of about twenty years three hundred and seventy-
one works, some in many volumes, were indexed, and ap-
proximately eighty thousand species and varieties of plants
were represented by from one to four or five entries. In spite
of the fact that nothing has been added to this index for at
least a quarter of a century it still keeps its unique place
in the library's equipment.
The reports of the '90s are full of the cry for "more room"
again. The library was growing rapidly in size and value,
due to the purchasing power of the Stickney fund. The work
of the secretary-librarian was increasing faster than the
office staff could keep up with it, and the other activities of
the Society were also outgrowing their quarters. A new hall
was needed again, and in 1901 the Society moved into the
present building. Once more it had room in which to care
for its expanding activities, and adequate space for its
The Society's interest in the Stickney fund came to an
end with the income for 1898. The appeal of the committee
for a worthy successor was answered within three years by
two bequests, known as the John D. Williams French fund
and the John S. Farlow fund, whose combined totals, with
later additions to the French fund, gave the library an
endowment of over $14,700.
In 1906 the collection was once more thoroughly reclas-
56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
sified, a process normally to be expected once in each gener-
ation if a collection is to keep pace with the advancement
of science. The next undertaking was the publication of a
new catalogue, the appearance of which was delayed for
various reasons until 1918, with a second part following
Throughout the library's history it has had periods of
great activity, lapsing into times of little real usefulness.
The last five years have seen an unprecedented growth in
activity, directly the result of an official policy which makes
of the library a major asset for the attraction of new
Dorothy St. J. Monks, Librarian.
Garden Clubs in Massachusetts
Massachusetts State Federation of Garden Clubs
President, Mrs. Thomas Motley, Jr., Readville
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. H. H. Buxton, 114 Central St.,
Amherst Garden Club
President, Mrs. F. Civille Pray
Secretary, Mrs. D. Nelson Skillings
Amherst Women's Club (Garden Section)
Chairman, Mrs. George B. Churchill, Spring St.
Secretary, Mrs. Brooks Drain, Fearing St.
Andover Garden Club
President, Mrs. J. M. Stewart, Phillips Inn.
Secretary, Mrs. W. D. Walker, 121 Main St.
Beacon Hill Garden Club
President, Mrs. F. A. Bourne, 130 Mt. Vernon St., Boston
Secretary, Mrs. Bryan S. Permar, 40 Beacon St., Boston
Beverly Improvement Society
President, Mrs. Marion Swasey Royce, 24 Hale St., Beverly
Secretary, Miss Bessie A. Baker, Monument Square, Beverly
Cambridge Plant Club (The)
President, Mrs. L. E. Emerson, 64 Sparks St., Cambridge
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Caroline E. Peabody, 40 Appleton
Cape Ann Garden Club
President, Mrs. Lawrence A. Brown, 434 Marlboro St., Boston
Secretary, Mrs. Samuel H. Pillsbury, 173 Adams St., Milton
Chelmsford Garden Club
President, Miss Carrie E. Richardson, Chelmsford
Secretary, Miss Maud H. Perham, Chelmsford
Chestnut Hill Garden Club
President, Mr. George Bramwell Baker, 50 Congress St., Boston
Secretary, Mrs. William K. Jackson, 169 Chestnut Hill Rd. Chest-
Cohasset Garden Club
President, Mrs. J. F. McElwain, 53 Chestnut St., Boston
Secretary, Mrs. W. DeFord Bigelow, 308 Marlborough St., Boston
58 massachusetts horticultural society
Community Garden Club op Duxbury
President, Dr. Nathaniel W. Emerson, Duxbury
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Oliver D. Hogue, South Duxbury
Concord Garden Club
President, Mrs. Florence Taft Eaton, 11 Elm St., Concord
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Francis B. Shepley, Carr Road
Cottage Garden Club of Gloucester
President, Mrs. Lida Bacon, Clarendon St.
Secretary, Mrs. Hollis Griffin, Washington St.
Country Garden Club of Swansea
President, Mrs. Harry Fuller, 294 Wayland Ave., Providence, R. I.
Secretary, Mrs. Willard C. Gardner, Touisset, Mass.
Deerfield Garden Club
President, Charles Huntington Smith
Secretary, Miss Mellen
Duxbury Garden Club
President, Mrs. William L. Benedict, Longwood Towers, Brook-
line (Winter address)
Secretary, Mrs. Harry B. Stebbins, 86 Sargent St., Newton
Fitchburg Garden Club
President, Miss Helen Merriam, Fitchburg High School
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Cora Blanchard, 154 Pleasant St.
Greater Lynn Garden Club
President Mrs. H. C. Attwill, 43 Atlantic Terrace
Secretary, Mrs. Katherine F. Miller, 65 Atkins Ave.
Groton Garden Club
President, Mrs. H. H. Richards, Farmers Row, Groton
Secretary, Mrs. Frederick G. May, Old Ayer Road
Hingham Garden Club
President, Francis H. Lincoln
Secretary, Mrs. J. J. Dyer
Ipswich Garden Club
President, Mrs. George L. DeBlois, 62 Chestnut St., Boston
Treasurer, Mrs. Robert B. Osgood, 38 Chestnut St., Boston
Lawrence Garden Club
President, Mrs. Edwin A. Buthmann, 172 E. Haverhill St.
Secretary, Miss Lillian M. Wainwright, 55 Bellevue St.
garden clubs in massachusetts 59
Lenox Garden Club
President, Miss Georgiana W. Sargent, Lenox
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Marion S. Davies, Lenox
Lexington Outlook Club, Garden Section of
President, Mrs. Francis S. Dane, 1 Bennington Road, Lexington
Lincoln Garden Club
President, Mrs. Charles V. Briggs
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Loring
Little Garden Club of Greater Boston
President, Mrs. Walter Brady, 11 Claremont St., East Braintree
Littleton Garden Club
President, Dr. John W. Estabrooks
Secretary, Mrs. E. P. Sargent
Lowell Garden Club
President, Mrs. Charles H. Hobson, 164 Holyrood Ave.
Secretary, Miss Helen W. Barnes, 30 Huntington St.
Marblehead Garden Club
President, Mrs. William Chisholm, 41 Chestnut St.
Secretary, Mrs. Stillman Weston, Weston Road
Martha's Vineyard Garden Club
President, Mrs. T. M. R. Meickleham, Edgartown
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Edith W. Edwards, 181 Lloyd Ave.,
Providence, R. I.
Melrose Garden Club
President, Mrs. Harry N. Vaughn, 65 Gooch St.
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Robert Munson, 357 East Foster St.
Milton Garden Club
President, Mrs. Bernard W. Trafford, Woodland Rd., Readville
Secretary, Mrs. Alexander H. Ladd, 381 Center St., Milton
Nahant Garden Club
President, Mrs. Fred A. Wilson, Nahant
Secretary, Mr. Harry R. Cummings, Nahant
Newton Garden Club
President, Herbert C. Fraser, 48 Eldredge St.
Secretary, Mrs. Herbert C. Fraser, 48 Eldredge St.
Newtonville Garden Club
President, Mrs. A. M. Ziegler, 580 Walnut St.
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur W. Church, 59 Judkins St.
60 massachusetts horticultural society
Noanett Garden Club
President, Mrs. I. Tucker Burr, 169 Commonwealth Ave., Boston
Secretary, Mrs. Francis W. Bird, East Walpole
North Andover Garden Club
President, Mrs. L. S. Bigelow, 1010 Fifth Ave., N. Y.
Secretary, Mrs. John Coolidge, 171 Commonwealth Ave., Boston
North Attleboro Garden Club
President, John J. Bliek, 1077 Mt. Hope St.
Secretary, Fred C. Paye, Box 769
North Shore Garden Club of Massachusetts
President, Mrs. Henry G. Vaughan, Sherborn
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Ward Thoron, The Lindens, Dan-
Peabody Garden Club
President, Mrs. Frank Taylor, 132 Andover St.
Secretary, Mrs. Harold W. Legro, 249 Lynn St.
Garden Club of Richmond and Northern Berkshire County
President, Mrs. W. Rockwood Gibbs
Salem Garden Club
President, Willis H. Ropes, Summer St.
Secretary, Mrs. Willard B. Porter, 5 Lee St.
Scituate Garden Club
President, M|rs. Charles E. Monroe, 132 High St., Brookline
Secretary, Miss Sarah Williams, 1049 Beacon St., Brookline
SOMERVILLE GARDEN CLUB
President, Mrs. Frank E. Bateman, 163 Highland Ave.
Secretary, Mrs. Lewis Card, 58 Benton Rd.
Springfield Garden Club
President, Mr. George C. Gardner, 251 Rimmon Ave.
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Gurdon W. Gordon, 90 Dartmouth
Stoneham Garden Club
President, Mrs. J. P. Hylan, 97 Williams St.
Secretary, Mrs. A. J. Kinley, 29 North St.
Swampscott Garden Club
President, Miss Helen Guild, 222 Commonwealth Ave., Boston
Secretary, Mrs. Weston K. Lewis, Woodbine Ave., Swampscott
garden clubs in massachusetts 61
Swampscott Little Garden Club
President, Mrs. Ethel P. Porter, 37 Ruby Ave., Clifton
Secretary, Mrs. E. B. Sprague, 98 Redington St., Swampscott
The Garden Club op Greater New Bedford
President, Mrs. Etta A. Horton, 609 County St.
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. George H. Sistare, 474 Park St.
The Holyoke and Northampton Florists' and Gardeners' Club
President, R. S. Carey, South Hadley Palls
Secretary, H. S. Sinclair, 166 Oak St., Holyoke
Topsfield Garden Club
President, Miss Katharine Wellman, The Bellevue, Beacon St.,
Boston (Winter address). Topsfield (Summer address)
Secretary, Mrs. Edgar J. Smith, 19 Hyde St., Newton Highlands
(Winter address). Topsfield (Summer address)
Wayland Garden Club
President, Miss Marian Roby Case, Weston
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Joshua C. Hubbard, Wayland
Worcester Garden Club
President, Mrs. James E. Whitin, North Uxbridge (Summer ad-
dress). 699 Southbridge St., Worcester (Nov. 1 to May 1)
Secretary, Mrs. Samuel T. Hobbs, Princeton, Mass. (Summer ad-
dress). 216 Park Ave., Worcester (Nov. 1 to May 1)
The Centennial Medal
The Special Centennial Medal
In 1928 the committee on exhibitions decided that it would
be wise and appropriate to prepare a special centennial
medal to be awarded only in the year 1929. The well-known
sculptor, John Francis Paramino, was engaged to design
the medal and, at the suggestion of Mrs. Bayard Thayer,
used as a motif the seal of the society which is emblematic
of the Society's work and which has been in use for many
years. The medal was cast by Whitehead & Hoag of Newark,
N. J. It is original in form with a base of laurel leaves. These
leaves appear on the reverse as well as on the obverse side
of the medal. It was voted by the trustees to limit the
number of these medals to one hundred, some to be gold,
some silver, and some bronze.
Gifts to the Library
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges
with thanks gifts to the Library from the following donors
in 1928 :
Alabama Geological Survey.
Economic botany of Alabama, pt. 2, by R. M. Harper. 1928.
Horticultural advertiser. 1895-1904. 10 vols.
A guide to the Arnold Arboretum, by C. S. Sargent; ed. 2.
Burrage, Albert C.
A collection of various forms of stoves, used for forcing pine
plants, fruit trees, and preserving tender exotics, by W.
A study of pogoniris varieties, by A. W. W. Sand. 1925.
Portfolio of water color drawings of mushrooms, by A. Hib-
Mayo, Mrs. F. S.
Gardening with peat moss, by F. F. Rockwell and W. G.
MeKelvey, Mrs. Charles W.
The lilac, a monograph, by S. D. MeKelvey. 1928.
New York State Museum.
Flora of the Allegany State Park region, by H. D. House and
W. P. Alexander. 1927.
Puffer, William L.
Orchids, by E. S. Rand, Jr. 1876.
Mutation with orchids, by L. Reychler. 1928.
Robinson, B. L.
Local floras of New England, by M. A. Day. 1899.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Hand list of trees and shrubs in the Royal Botanic Gardens;
ed. 3. 1925.
Smith, Mrs. Harold M.
Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum, by J. C. Loudon. 1838.
Thurber, William B., Pres.
Cocoa and chocolate, a short history of their production and
use, by W. Baker & Co., Ltd. ; rev. ed. 1917.
United Fruit Company.
The banana: its history, cultivation and place among staple
foods, by P. K. Reynolds. 1927.
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.
Index to legislative history of acts of Congress involving the
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, comp. by Office of Solicitor. 1912.
New books added to the Library in the year 1928 include
Allen, J. M., comp. Author and subject index to the publications
on plant pathology issued by the state agricultural experiment
stations up to December 1, 1927. 1928.
American Peony Society. Peonies, the manual of the American
Peony Society, ed. by James Boyd. 1928.
Andre, E. L'ecole nationale d'horticulture de Versailles, 1890.
Ascroft, R. W. Conservation of the nation's vegetation. 1926.
Avebury, J. L., 1st baron. Life history of British flowering plants.
Bailey, L. H. The garden lover. 1928.
Bailey, L. H. The harvest of the year to the tiller of the soil.
Baker, W. & Co., Ltd. Cocoa and chocolate, a short history of
their production and use; rev. ed. 1917.
Ball, G. J. Better sweet peas.
Berry, J. B. Farm woodlands. 1923.
Besler, B. Continuatio rariorum et aspectu dignorum varii generis.
Boerker, R. H. D. Our national forests. 1926.
Bolles, F. At the north of Bearcamp Water, "cop 1893, 1917."
Bolles, F. Land of the lingering snow. 1892.
Boyle, J. E. Marketing of agricultural products. 1925.
Boyle, J. G. Vegetable growing. 1917.
Brooks, W. P. Soils; ed. 5. 1911.
Burbank, L. Harvest of the years. 1927.
Cattell, J. M. ; ed. American men of science; ed. 4. 1927.
Caus, I. de, illus. Wilton garden: Hortus Penbrochianus. (fac-
simile reprint, 189 — ).
Chandler, W. H. North American orchards. 1928.
Cheyney, E. G. What tree is that? 1927.
Child, S. Landscape architecture: a series of letters. 1927.
Clute, W. N. The useful plants of the world. 1928.
Conover, M. Office of experiment stations. 1924.
Coon, N. Small nursery. 1923.
Corbett, L. C. Garden farming. 1913.
Coulter, J. M. New manual of botany of the central Rocky Moun-
tains, by J. M. Coulter and A. Nelson. 1909.
Cox, E. H. M. Evolution of a garden. 1927.
Cox, E. H. M. The modern English garden. 1927.
LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 65
Cox, E. H. M. Primulas for garden and greenhouse, by E. H. M.
Cox and G. C. Taylor. 1928?
Craig, W. N. Lilies and their culture in North America. 1928.
Cran, M. Garden of experience.
Cran, M. Garden of ignorance; new ed. 1924.
Dallimore, W. Pruning of trees and shrubs. 1927.
Dorn, M. W. The book of twelve for South Florida gardens, by
M. W. Dorn and M. S. Douglas. 1928.
Drewitt, F. D. Latin names of common plants. 1927.
Durand, H. Field book of common ferns. 1928.
Ekblaw, K. J. T. Farm concrete. 1917.
Ellwanger, G. H. Idyllists of the country side. 1896.
Essig, E. 0. Insects of western North America. 1926.
Farm and Fireside. Making your own market, comp. from . . .
Farm and Fireside by R. Lord and T. Delohery. 1927.
Farrer, R. Report of work in 1914/15 in Kansu and Tibet.
Fox, H. M. Garden Cinderellas : how to grow lilies in the garden.
French, L. Jr. The smaller houses and gardens of Versailles from
1680 to 1815, by L. French Jr. and H. D. Eberlein. 1926.
Garden Club of America. Pronunciation of plant names. 1927.
Gardner, V. R. Orcharding, by V. R. Gardner, F. C. Bradford and
H. D. Hooker. 1927.
Gaskill, A. The planting and care of shade trees. 1912.
Genlis, S. F. de. La botanique historique et litteraire. 1810.
Gerard, J. Gerard's Herball, the essence thereof distilled by M.
Woodward from the edition of T. Johnson, 1636. 1927.
Gesellschaft fiir erdkunde. Wissenschaftliche beitrage zum
gedachtniss der hundertjahrigen wiederkehr des antritts von
Alexander von Humboldt's reise nach Amerika am 5. Juni 1799,
aus anlass des 7en internationalen geographen-kongresses
herausgegeben von der Gesellschaft fiir erdkunde zu Berlin.
Godard, 0. Jardins de la Cote d' Azur. 1927.
Gothein, M. L. History of garden art, trans, by L. A. Hind. 1928.
Greeves-Carpenter, C. F. Care of ornamental trees. 1928.
Gregory, C. T. Common garden pests, by C. T. Gregory and J. J.
Gustafson, A. F. Handbook of fertilizers. 1928.
Guyon, H. Notes sur Phorticulture en Allemagne. 1904.
Harada, J. The gardens of Japan. 1928.
Harper, R. M. Economic botany of Alabama, pt. 2, 1928.
66 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Hawks, E. Pioneers of plant study. 1928.
Henslow, T. G. W. Garden renovation. 1926.
Heyer, F. Obstbau und obstnutzung in der Vereinigten Staaten
von Nord-Amerika. 1886.
Hibberd, A. Portfolio of water color drawings of mushrooms.
Higgins, M. M. Little gardens for boys and girls. 1910.
Hoare, A. H. English grass orchard and the principles of fruit
Hole, S. R. Book about the garden and the gardener. 1893.
Holmes, E. Commercial rose culture; ed. 3. 1928.
Hottes, A. C. The book of annuals. 1928.
Hottes, A. C. Book of shrubs. 1928.
Hottes, A. C. A little book of perennials ; 2d ed. 1927.
House, H. D. Flora of the Allegany State Park region, by H. D.
House and W. P. Alexander. 1927.
Hulme, F. E. Natural history lore and legend. 1895.
Hulme, F. E. Plants, their natural growth and ornamental treat-
Hutchinson, F. K. Wychwood, the history of an idea. 1928.
Ivey, J. B. Successful dahlia growing in the South. 1927.
Jackson, B. D. Glossary of botanic terms; ed. 4. 1928.
Janczewski, E. de. Monographic des Groseilliers, Ribes L. 1907.
Johnson, A. T. The hardy heaths. 1928.
Jongkindt Coninck, A. M. C. Dictionnaire latin, grec, francais,
anglais, allemand, hollandais des termes employes en botanique;
2d ed. 1907.
Kalm, P. Travels into North America, trans. ... by J. R. Forster ;
ed. 2. 1772. 2v.
Kauffman, C. H. Agaricaceae of Michigan. 1918. 2v.
Knight, T. A. Destructive effects of the aphis, and blights on
fruit trees. 1801?
Kupper, W. Das Kakteenbuch, ed. by C. Schneider. 1928.
Lachaume, J. Les rosiers: culture, multiplication, taille, emploi
. . . augm. par G. Bellair; 21st ed. 1928.
Lee, H. The vegetable lamb of Tartary. 1887.
Lloyd, J. W. Muskmelon production. 1928.
Longyear, B. 0. Trees and shrubs of the Rocky Mountain region.
Loudon, J. C. Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum. 1838. 8v.
McKelvey, S. D. The lilac, a monograph. 1928.
Macmillan, H. F. Tropical gardening and planting, with special
reference to Ceylon; 3rd ed. 1925.
Manning, J. W., comp. Plant buyers index, supplement. 1928 1 :;•
LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 67
Manger, H. L. Vollstandige anleitung zu einer systematischen
Pomologie. 1780-83. 2v. in 1.
Marloth, R. Common names of plants. 1917.
Martin, J. M. Botany, with agricultural applications; 2d ed. rev.
Mason, A. F. Spraying, dusting and fumigating of plants. 1928.
Mattioli, P. Herbar: ginak Bylinar, z. lat. preloz. Thad. Hagek z.
Maw, P. T. The practice of forestry. 1912.
Mawson, T. H. The life and work of an English landscape archi-
Mcllvaine, F. E. Spring in the little garden. 1928.
Mitchell, S. B. Adventures in flower gardening. 1928.
Moore, B. Vegetation of Mount Desert Island, Maine, and its
environment, by B. Moore and N. Taylor. 1927.
Muller, R. T. American greenhouse construction. 1927.
Needham, J. G. Leaf -mining insects, by J. G. Needham, S. W.
Frost, and B. H. Tothill. 1928.
Newman, L. H. Plant breeding in Scandinavia. 1912.
Nuttall, T. Travels into Arkansa Territory, 1819; ed. by R. G.
Olmstead, F. L. Frederick Law Olmstead, v. 2. 1928.
Osborn, H. F. Impressions of great naturalists. 1924.
Paul, H. M. Handbook of the hardy Primula. 1911.
Pellett, F. C. Birds of the wild: how to make your home their
Phillips, E. F. Beekeeping; rev. ed. 1928.
Pieters, A. J. Green manuring, principles and practice. 1927.
Powell, F. W. The Bureau of Plant Industry. 1927.
Quackenbush, A. T. A. The annuals of flowerland. 1927.
Reichow, H. Alte biirgerliche gartenkunst. 1927.
Reichsverband des deutschen gartenbaues e. V. Handbuch, 1926.
Reychler, L. Mutation with orchids. 1928.
Reynolds, P. K. The banana, its history, cultivation and place
among staple foods. 1927.
Robertson, W. A collection of various forms of stoves, used for
forcing pine plants, fruit trees, and preserving tender exotics.
Robinson,. B. L. Biographical memoir George Lincoln Goodale.
1927. • ;
Robinson, B. L. Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker. 1928.
Rockwell, F. F. Evergreens for the small place. 1928.
Rockwell, F. F. Gardening under glass; 2d ed. rev. 1928.
68 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Rockwell, F. F. Gardening with peat moss, by F. F. Rockwell and
W. G. Breitenbucher. 1928.
Rockwell, F. F. Irises. 1928.
Rockwell, F. F. Rock gardens. 1928.
Rockwell, F. F. Shrubs. 1927.
Rolfs, P. H. Subtropical vegetable gardening. 1916.
Rosenthal, W. F. Gartenentwiirfe. 1928.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Hand list of trees and shrubs ; 3rd
Russell, Sir E. J. Soil conditions and plant growth; 5th ed. 1927.
Salaman, R. N. Potato varieties. 1926.
Sand, A. W. W. A study of pogoniris varieties. 1925.
Sanders, F. and Co. Sanders' orchid guide ; rev. ed. 1927.
Sargent, C. S. A guide to the Arnold Arboretum; 2d ed. 1925.
Sargent, H. W. Skeleton tours through England . . . Poland, and
Sawyer, R. V. Water gardens and gold fish. 1928.
Schlechter, R. Die orchideen; 2d ed. 1927.
Schrepfer, F. A. Hardy evergreens. 1928.
Sears, F. C. Fruit-growing projects. 1928.
Sherlock, C. C. City and suburban gardening. 1928.
Silva, E., Conte di Biandrate. Dell' arte dei giardini Inglesi. 1801.
Silva-Tarouca, E. Unsere freiland-stauden . . . h'r's'g von E. Graf
Silva-Tarouca und C. Schneider; 4th ed. 1927.
Simpson, C. T. Ornamental gardening in Florida. 1927.
Singer, C. Herbal in antiquity. 1927.
Smythe, W. E. City homes on country lanes. 1921.
Solly, V. N. Gardens for town and suburb. 1926.
Tabor, G. Come into the garden. 1921.
Taylor, N. Guide to the wild flowers. 1928.
Thayer, C. L. Spring flowering bulbs. 1928.
Theophrastus. De causis plantarum, ed. by R. E. Dengler. 1928.
Thistle, Donald [pseud.] Appleseed Johnny. 1927.
Thomas, W. S. Field book of common gilled mushrooms. 1928.
Thouin, G. Plans raisonnes de toutes les especes de jardins ; 2d ed.
Tipping, H. A., ed. English homes of the early Renaissance:
Elizabethan and Jacobean houses and gardens.
Torrey, B. A rambler's lease. 1889.
Torrey, R. H. State parks and recreational uses of state forests
in the U. S. 1926.
Tukey, H. B. The pear and its culture. 1928.
Union list of serials in the libraries of the United States and
LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 69
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Office of Solicitor. Index to legislative
history of acts of Congress involving the U. S. Dept. of Agri-
Van Meter, R. A. Bush fruit production. 1928.
Venette, N. L'art de tailler les arbres fruitiers. 1683.
Viala, P. Les vignes Americaines, par P. Viala and L. Ravaz.
Vick, E. C. Audels gardeners and growers guide. 1928. 4v.
Viescher, G. Neuvermehrter blumengarten. 1663.
Volz, E. C. Home flower-growing. 1928.
Watts, G. S. Roadside marketing. 1928.
Waugh, F. A. Hardy shrubs. 1928.
Wilder, L. B. Pleasures and problems of a rock garden. 1928.
Wilkins, L. Training and employment of educated women in
horticulture and agriculture. 1927.
Wilson, E. H. More aristocrats of the garden. 1928.
Wocke, E. Die kulturpraxis der Alpenpflanzen ; 2d ed. 1928.
Wodell, H. P. Beginning to garden. 1928.
Wright, W. P. Pictorial practical tree and shrub culture, by
W. P. Wright and W. Dallimore. 1905.
Wroth, W. London pleasure gardens of the 18th century, by
W. Wroth and A. E, Wroth. 1896.
Periodicals Currently Received 1928
* Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. Sidney.
* Agricultural Index. New York.
American Bee Journal. Hamilton, 111.
* American Botanist. Joliet, 111.
* American Carnation Society. Proceedings. St. Louis.
* American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. New Haven.
* American Fern Journal. Auburndale, Mass.
* American Forests and Forest Life. Washington, D. C.
* American Fruit Grower Magazine. Chicago.
* American Home (formerly Garden and Home Builder). Garden
City, N. Y.
* American Iris Society. Bulletin. Lancaster, Pa.
*American Nut Journal. Rochester, N. Y.
*American Peony Society. Bulletin. St. Paul, Minn.
American Potato Journal. East Lansing, Mich.
American Produce Grower. Chicago.
*Les Amis des Roses. Lyon, France.
* Annals of Botany. London.
*Anvers. Societe Royale d'Horticulture et d' Agriculture. Bulletin.
Argentina. Sociedad Rural. Anales. Buenos Aires.
* Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Boston.
'* Arnold Arboretum. Journal. Boston.
Aube. Societe Horticole, Vigeronne et Forestiere. Annales.
*Belgique. Societe Royale de Botanique. Bulletin. Bruxelles.
*Better Flowers. Portland, Ore.
*Better Fruit. Portland, Ore.
Better Homes and Gardens. Des Moines, Iowa.
*Botanical Society of Edinburgh. Transactions and Proceedings.
*Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions.
Yonkers, N. Y.
*Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Professional
Papers. Yonkers, N. Y.
*British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. Colchester, England.
British Guiana. Board of Agriculture. Journal. Georgetown.
*Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets. Brooklyn, N. Y.
*Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. Brooklyn, N. Y.
*Bryologist. New York.
California. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. Sacramento,
*Periodicals kept permanently.
PERIODICALS CURRENTLY RECEIVED 1928 71
*California Garden. Point Loma, Calif.
* Canadian Entomologist. Guelph, Ont.
•Canadian Florist. Peterboro, Ont.
* Canadian Gladiolus Society. Bulletin. Hamilton, Ont.
•Canadian Horticulturist. Peterboro, Ont.
*Le Chrysantheme. Lyon, France.
Cornell Countryman. Ithaca, N. Y.
Country Gentleman. Philadelphia.
Country Life. Garden City, N. Y.
•Curtis's Botanical Magazine. London.
•Dahlia Society of San Francisco. California Dahlia News. San
*Ecology. Lancaster, Pa.
•Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. Chapel Hill, N. C.
Epernay. Soeiete d'Horticulture et de Viticulture. Bulletin.
•Experiment Station Record. Washington, D. C.
Farm Journal. Philadelphia.
*Federated Garden Clubs of New York State. Year book. N. Y.
•Flora Batava. Gravenhage, Holland.
•Flower Grower. Calcium, N. Y.
•Forest Leaves. Philadelphia.
•France. Soeiete Nationale d'Horticulture. Bulletin. Paris.
•Fruit World of Australasia. Victoria, N. S. W.
•Fruits and Gardens. Zeeland, Mich.
•Garden Club of America. Bulletin. N. Y.
Garden Flowers. Rochester, N. Y.
Garden Gossip. Woodberry Forest, Va.
•Garden Lover. Melbourne, Australia.
•Gardeners' Chronicle. London.
•Gardeners' Chronicle (of America). N. Y.
•Gardening Illustrated. London.
•Gartenkunst, Frankfurt, Germany.
•Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst-und Gartenbau. Wiesbaden,
•Gladiolus Review. Rochester, N. Y.
•Gray Herbarium. Contributions. Cambridge, Mass.
•Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. London.
Guide to Nature. Sound Beach, Conn.
•Home Acres (formerly Farm and Garden). N. Y.
•Hoosier Horticulture. Lafayette, Ind,
♦Periodicals kept permanently,
72 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICUI/TURAL SOCIETY
Horizons. Ames, Iowa.
L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. Chalon, France,
horticultural Society of New York. Year book. New York.
*L'Horticulture Francaise. Paris.
•House and harden. New York.
House Beautiful. Boston.
*Indiana Academy of Science. Proceedings. Indianapolis.
*Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions. Indianapolis,
international Review of Agricultural Economics. Rome.
international Review of Agriculture. Rome.
*Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions. Des Moines,
* Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. Dublin.
*Japanese Horticultural Society. Journal. Tokyo.
Journal d' Agriculture du Sud-ouest. Toulouse, France.
•Journal of Agricultural Research. Washington, D. C.
*Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. London.
•Journal of Economic Entomology. Geneva, N. Y.
•Journal of Forestry. Washington, D. C.
Journal of the Market Garden Field Station. Waltham, Mass.
•Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. London.
Kansas Gardens. McPherson, Kansas.
•Landscape Architecture. Boston.
•Linnean Society. Journal. Botany. London.
•Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. Lyon, France.
•Market Growers Journal. Louisville, Ky.
•Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. Papers. N. Y.
•Minnesota Horticulturist. St. Paul, Minn.
•Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. Lancaster, Pa.
•Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. St. Louis, Mo.
•Mollers Deutsche Gartner-Zeitung. Berlin.
•Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. Lisle, 111.
•Mycologia. Lancaster, Pa.
•National Horticultural Magazine. Washington, D. C.
•National Pecan Exchange News. Albany, Ga.
National Plant, Flower and Fruit Guild Magazine. N. Y.
Nature — Garden Guide. N. Y.
•New England Dahlia Society. Bulletin. New Bedford, Mass.
•New England Gladiolus Society. Year book.
New England Homestead. Springfield, Mass.
•New Flora and Silva. London.
•New Jersey Dahlia News. New Brunswick, N. J,
periodicals kept permanently.
PERIODICALS CURRENTLY RECEIVED 1928 73
*New York Botanical Garden. Bulletin. N. Y.
*New York Botanical Garden. Journal. N. Y.
*Le Nord Horticole. Lille, France.
*Onze Tuinen. Amsterdam.
* Orchid Review. London.
*Orleans. Societe d'Horticulture d'Orleans et du Loiret. Bulletin.
Parks and Recreation. Tulsa, Okla.
*Petit Jardin. Paris.
Philippine Agricultural Review. Manila, P. I.
*Pomologie Frangaise. Versailles.
Progressive Farmer and Farm Woman. Memphis, Tenn.
* Quarterly Journal of Forestry. London.
Revista del Litoral. Buenos Aires.
*Revue des Eaux de Forets. Paris.
*Revue Horticole. Paris.
Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Boletim. Rio de Janeiro.
*Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. London.
Rural Digest. Rochester, N. Y.
*Rural New Yorker. N. Y.
*Scottish Forestry Journal. Edinburgh.
*South African Gardening and Country Life. Cape Town, South
Syracuse Rose Society. Quarterly. Syracuse, N. Y.
*Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. Lancaster, Pa.
*Torreya. Lancaster, Pa.
*Toscana. Reale Societa di Orticultura. Bulletino. Florence.
*Tree Talk. Stamford, Conn.
* Tribune Horticole. Bruxelles.
Tropical Agriculture. Trinidad, West Indies.
U. S. Department of Agriculture. Crops and Markets. Monthly
Supplement. Washington, D. C.
Victoria. Department of Agriculture. Journal. Melbourne,
Western Horticulture. San Francisco, Calif.
*Wild Flower. Cincinnati, Ohio.
*Wisconsin State Horticultural Society. Report. Madison, Wis.
*Wisconsin Horticulture. Madison, Wis.
*Your Garden. Cleveland, Ohio.
*Zeitschrift fur Obst-, Wein- und Gartenbau. Dresden, Germany.
*Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Planzenschutz. Stutt-
*Periodicals kept permanently.
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and
The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission de-
sires to express its grateful thanks to the Trustees of the
Massachusetts Horticultural Society for their share in con-
tributing to the success of our work during the season of
The radiator in the basement room has made it possible to
attend in comfort to the details in connection with the Mission
during the cold months.
Through the kindness of Miss Marian Roby Case of Weston,
who showed her "Pictures of Greece" for the benefit of the
Fruit and Flower Mission, and the use of the hall for this
lecture, $562 was added to our treasury, thus enabling us to
broaden our opportunities for service.
In June, also, Miss Case opened Hillcrest Gardens under
the auspices of the Evening Alliance of Greater Boston for
the benefit of the Mary May Eliot Memorial Fund, a per-
manent fund of the Fruit and Flower Mission.
From an article in Horticulture we gained a new friend,
who sent us jellies from the Cape.
During the drug convention at the hall the flowers of the
previous day were turned over to us each morning, when the
vases were refilled.
One of the exhibitors at the gladiolus show sent in a gen-
erous contribution of flowers later in the season.
Another exhibitor, who had watched our distribution of
the exhibits after the flower shows, was instrumental in
organizing a committee in another section of New England
to superintend the sending of flowers to hospitals after a
Thus each season the co-operation of the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society in our work brings increased results.
The space afforded by Horticultural Hall to take care of
the contributions of flowers, fruits, vegetables and jellies,
BENEVOLENT FRATERNITY FRUIT AND FLOWER MISSION 75
which may be left any day throughout the entire year, pro-
vides the opportunity to take advantage of all offers to share
the products of the gardens.
Through the courtesy of Mayor Nichols we again received
the pansy plants from the Public Gardens.
The response to our Thanksgiving and Christmas appeal
was very generous and our gay little baskets, filled with
"goodies," carried holiday cheer to many, many shut-ins, some
in hospitals, some bed-ridden and some just old and lonely.
Three hundred and ninety-two hampers, an increase of 125
over last year, were received from 24 towns during the 18
weeks of the Summer, and the contents were distributed by
volunteer committees from our four centres, the South Bay
Union, Robert Gould Shaw House, North End Union and
Bulfinch Place Church. Enlarged groups had charge of the
hamper work in various localities. More and more are we
enlisting the aid of the garden clubs. In two towns the filling
of the hamper became a real community project, the efforts of
all denominations and societies.
The joy of the work of the Benevolent Fraternity Fruit
and Flower Mission is that it is absolutely non-sectarian. Its
contributors and its helpers are of all faiths and it reaches
out to the sick and lonely of all nationalities and all creeds.
It acknowledges its indebtedness to the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society as a sharer in this service.
Emily I. Elliott,
OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES
PRESENTED AT THE
ANNUAL MEETING JANUARY 14, 1929
LIST OF THE NEW MEMBERS
The Inaugural Meeting
The inaugural meeting for 1929 was held at Horticultural
Hall the afternoon of Monday, January 14. Vice-President
Oakes Ames presided in the absence of the President, who
sent the following message by wire :
The President's Inaugural Message
Members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society:
When your secretary on January 2 granted me leave of
absence for two months to get the sunlight of the Golden
West, it was conditional upon my sending an inaugural ad-
dress for January 14. But how can a rebellious exile, chafing
under his enforced absence in this centennial year, send an
inaugural from sunny California to frozen Massachusetts,
3,000 miles away?
I appreciate deeply my selection as president of your
Society, and the great honor you have paid me so many
times, and I wish I could be with you at your meeting. It is
folly, however, to talk about inaugurating when one cannot
You are now fully concerned with your centennial celebra-
tions, and you will be gratified with the report you will re-
ceive from your exhibition committee, most able, experienced,
thoughtful and solicitous. The Spring exhibition will be out-
standing and of great horticultural interest. It will give great
joy to a vast number and be most helpful to our community.
But I should not speak at this time and distance of things
done or arranged, but of things yet undone under the revised
by-laws. I can make suggestions to you for future considera-
tion ; and two I would like to make to you now after a week
of ideal weather in this land of sunshine, of happy homes
with trees, shrubs and flowers.
I am led to consider what the Massachusetts Horticultural
Society is doing to better living conditions in Massachusetts.
We have beautiful exhibitions, where the finest plants, flowers,
fruits and vegetables are shown, and we reward those who
exhibit them with medals and other prizes after careful
examination and consideration. We award medals to those
who establish and maintain unusually fine gardens in Massa-
chusetts. We make awards for the meritorious gardens of
80 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
children. We have a magnificent library adapted for easy
consultation by all horticulturists. We publish and send free
to all members a splendid magazine full of helpful informa-
tion. But what are we doing for the home makers, — the
mothers who love their gardens and who wish to enjoy them
as much as possible? Do we want the simple life or the life
of the movies?
Are we imitating the garden cottages of Italy, of the
Riviera, or Germany, or are we striving to build great bar-
racks, which we call apartment houses, where only window
boxes thrive ? Are we offering prizes for vine-clad cottages or
shrub-filled front yard gardens ? Once in a while we offer some
prizes for the back yard, but except in causing the exhibition
of suitable plants, are we doing anything special for the front
yard? Do the travelers who have been to Egypt bring back
recollections of front porches and beautiful gardens and
refined homes or do they bring recollections of huts of poverty,
of wretchedness, of ignorance, where men and women are
but little above beasts of burden? Are we ourselves not like
the Egyptians who lived in a multitude of mud huts so they
could build a few stone temples for the worship of the sun
god? We, in our day, are strenuously building apartment
houses in the suburbs in which to live so we can build great
banking houses in the city. Are these to be the homes of the
future? How can you call such a place a home!
How many thousands of farmers' wives in the Middle West
were saved from insanity when the party telephone line was
allowed on the wire fence ! How many hundreds of thousands
of potential good citizens and home builders will New England
save from crime by improving the living conditions of the
little home before it is too late ? We need not try to duplicate
the great entailed landed estates of England, but we can copy
the homes of Dresden, and we should, in my opinion. We try
to foster appreciation of plants and flowers by giving exhibi-
tions; why not also foster the idea of porches for the per-
manent appreciation of gardens by their owners, so that they
will be more keen to improve them from time to time ?
California is growing beyond measure with the incoming
hordes of prosperous home seekers from the North and East,
who are driven hither by the inclement climate and poor living
INAUGURAL MEETING 81
conditions of those sections. Why drive them out ? Why not do
more to keep them with us ? We in Massachusetts, on account
of the climatic differences, cannot rival the fascinating bunga-
low homes of southern California, but we can go a long way
towards it by going as far as our climate will permit. No
woman ever yet sat on a good front porch that did not want to
improve and beautify the front yard with plants and flowers.
The race in America today is between the dreary apartment
houses of New York and the bungalow homes of California
with their porches and gardens.
My first suggestion is that the Massachusetts Horticultural
Society offer a gold medal to the resident owner of that single
house who by building a front or side porch facing the south,
east or southeast, improves in 1929 his home the most of any
in Massachusetts, as evidenced by photographs taken before
and after the building of such a porch, submitted to the
Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society prior to
November 1, 1929, who shall make the award. To provide the
income for granting such a medal annually, if justified, I
hereby give the Massachusetts Horticultural Society $1250.
My second suggestion is that we plan to give greater special
recognition to those primarily responsible for the superior
culture of plants, — that is, the grower, gardener or plantsman
who actually does the growing. It is true that we have estab-
lished the Thomas Roland G-old Medal for skill in horticulture,
but this is broader and may be awarded to those outside of
New England. What is needed is the award of some prizes
other than money to the actual producer of plants showing
very superior culture. For the Centennial Exhibition such a
prize, — a $250 gold cup, — is offered by the president, but the
Society may well consider the advisability of giving an award
at each exhibition for superior merit in gardening.
This Society is strong, experienced, well organized, and
with its library, its magazine, its expert trustees and com-
mittees, it can exercise a potent influence upon the people of
Massachusetts and their happiness, and justify the hopes of
its founders, 100 years ago, who organized it commune bonum,
— for the common good.
Albert C. Burrage.
82 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Report of the Secretary
The year 1928 was occupied largely in preparing for the
Society's centennial observance. The Exhibition Committee
became especially active after the Trustees decided upon a
great centennial exhibition to be held in March in Mechanics
Building. It seemed for a time as though all efforts to obtain
the use of Mechanics Building on suitable dates would fail,
but eventually the automobile show was set forward two weeks
in order to give this Society the use of the halls late in March,
but early enough to avoid conflicting with Easter. This happy
solution of the difficulty was brought about through the kind-
ness of Chester I. Campbell, manager of the automobile show.
At the end of the year the Exhibition Committee had
brought its plans to a point which indicated that the centen-
nial exhibition would, without question, be the greatest plant
and flower show ever held in New England, occupying prac-
tically the entire building. The President worked with this
committee all through the year, and in the Spring gave a
luncheon at his home in Manchester which was attended by
representatives of the Gardeners' and Florists' Club, the
Nurserymen's Association, and most of the other trade organ-
izations. This meeting resulted in bringing about the close
co-operation of these organizations, particularly the Massa-
chusetts Nurserymen's Association, the members of which
have agreed to provide all the trees which may be needed
for decorative purposes at the show. There will be several
hundred of these trees, either in tubs or pots, or with their
roots balled. Many of them will be carried along in Horti-
cultural Hall until the opening of the show at Mechanics
In the course of the year several special committees were
appointed, one of which will have the task of selecting the
many cups or pieces of plate which will be given as prizes,
and will be purchased with the contributions of the Society's
friends, the total amounting to some $5,000. This committee,
consisting of Mr. Edwin S. Webster, Mr. Walter Hunnewell,
Mr. John S. Ames and Mrs. Bayard Thayer, will also have
the selection of the gold cup costing $1,000 which is to be
the premier award,
Winning Still Life Picture at the Spring Show in Boston, 1928
84 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
This committee likewise has in hand the work of arrang-
ing for a special centennial medal to be used only in 1929.
Through the efforts of the President, John Francis Para-
mino, a leading sculptor and a former associate of Augustus
St. Gaudens, has been employed to make the design for the
medal, which will be unique in form and execution. At the
suggestion of Mrs. Thayer, it was voted to have Mr. Para-
mino employ the motif found on the seal of the Society.
The Exhibition Committee has worked in close touch with
a committee from the garden clubs, with Mrs. Edward
Wigglesworth as chairman. The garden clubs have been
allotted space on both the main floor and the second floor
of Mechanics Building for the centennial exhibition, and
will stage many elaborate groups.
Although special emphasis is being placed on the centen-
nial exhibition in March, the centennial spirit will pervade
all the exhibitions of the year, and many of the medals to
be awarded will be centennial medals. The centennial year
will be further observed by a special exhibition in the
Autumn, which will begin on October 30 and last for five
days. This exhibition will be held in Horticultural Hall, but
will be planned on a large scale.
The centennial of the Society will also be marked by the
preparation of a history covering the entire 100 years and
including the 1929 celebration. The preparation of this his-
tory is in the hands of a committee composed of the Presi-
dent and the ex-Presidents, who have employed Mr. A.
Emerson Benson to write the history. Mr. Benson gave most
of his time throughout the year to going over the records
and making notes in preparation for the actual work of
writing the book. Fifty years ago a history covering the
first half century of the Society's existence was written, but
it has been deemed best to have the new history cover the
entire span of the Society's life and to give it a somewhat
popular character, with the thought in mind that a reason-
ably large edition may be disposed of to members of this
and similar organizations.
Several of the Trustees, particularly the President and
Mr. Roland, were very active in connection with the exhibi-
tion of the American Orchid Society which was held in
INAUGURAL MEETING 85
Madison Square Garden, New York City, May 10, 11 and 12.
This Society voted several gold and silver medals for award
at the Orchid Show.
The garden committee had an active season, visiting gar-
dens in many parts of the state. In its report to the Trustees
'October 15, the committee recommended that the Society's
gold medal be given to the Richard T. Crane Estate at
Ipswich, a silver medal to Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Abbott for
their place at West Manchester, and to Mr. and Mrs. Clement
S. Houghton for the development of their estate in Chestnut
Hill, a certificate to Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lyman of Long-
meadow and a certificate to Mrs. Robert C. Allen of Worces-
ter. Mrs. Homer Gage of Shrewsbury was chairman of this
In its annual report made on November 16, the George
Robert White Medal of Honor Committee recommended that
the award for 1928 be made to Col. William Boyce Thompson
of Yonkers, N. Y., in recognition of his services in dedicating
a great tract of land in Arizona for the development of the
desert flora and in establishing the Boyce Thompson Plant
Research Laboratory. The Trustees also voted to award the
Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal to Mr. T. D. Hatfield of
Wellesley, and the Thomas Roland Medal to Mr. E. G. Hill of
Richmond, Ind. The details of all these awards have been
published in Horticulture.
At a meeting of the Trustees on November 16 the library
committee was authorized to make a special exhibition in
Horticultural Hall, coincident with the centennial exhibition
in Mechanics Building. This exhibition will show the progress
of the library through the 100 years of its existence, and will
include many rare and very interesting books, along with
other material. It is hoped that many persons who visit the
centennial exhibition will also visit this supplementary exhibi-
tion in Horticultural Hall.
At the end of the year the Massachusetts Horticultural
Society found itself with the largest membership in its exist-
ence, a total of 5,178. During the year, 1,180 members joined
the Society. The fact that the life membership is less than it
was one year ago, however, is unfortunate. Twenty-six life
members have passed away during the year, a larger number
86 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
than was added. The Society needs more life members, and
it is to be hoped that the number of additions in 1929' will be
materially increased. This is perhaps the weakest point in
the Society's situation at the present time. The total number
of deaths during the year was 49, and included several mem-
bers who had been on the rolls for a great many years.
The receipts from rentals were less in 1928 than in 1927
because of the fact that the Food Fair was not held in Horti-
cultural Hall this year, but in Mechanics Building. This
change was made because larger quarters were desired and
through no criticism of the service given here. The loss of this
show, however, meant a difference of nearly $2,000 in the total
revenue from rentals.
The hall has been rented 52 times in the course of the year,
bringing in a total of $6,222.44.
The growth of Horticulture and the increased activities of
the library will be shown in another report. They have made
it necessary to increase the staff, and have resulted in making
all of the Society's work better known.
Throughout the year the Society's associations with its kin-
dred organizations in New York, Philadelphia, Worcester and
other places have been friendly and helpful. The Secretary
and other members attended the opening of the Worcester
County Horticultural Society's splendid new building in the
Spring, and were warmly entertained.
The Secretary desires to testify to the helpful co-operation
of the members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society
throughout the year, and is especially grateful to the Trustees
for their generous support and unfailing good will.
E. I. Farrington, Secretary.
INAUGURAL MEETING 87
Report of the Treasurer
Income from Investments and Bank Interest $26,392 57
" Rents 6,222 44
" Membership Fees 8,204 00
" Sale of Lots in Mt. Auburn Cemetery 2,754 52
" Exhibitions 12,556 00
" Centennial Exhibition 115 00
" Library Catalogue 30 00
" Donations 5 00
" Lecture Tickets 32 50
" Incidentals 207 60
Donations to Fruit Prizes 125 00
" " Medals 120 00
" " Centennial Exhibition Prizes 2,260 00
Returned from Horticulture 5,000 00 $64,024 63
Operating Expense $48,471 10
Viz: Labor $7,781 64
Salaries 13,922 18
Lighting 2,018 68
Heating 1,290 86
Incidentals 4,188 65
Stationery and Printing 3,277 87
Repairs 1,540 63
Library 1,522 32
Insurance 6,683 71
Exhibitions 4,929 61
Centennial Exhibition 1,314 95
Prizes $ 3,132 50
Viz: Plants and Flowers in excess of
income from special funds . . $2,242 50
Fruits in excess of income from
special funds 82 00
Vegetables in excess of income
from special funds 354 00
Children's Gardens 454 00
Expenditure by Committees $ 3,113 63
Viz : Lectures and Publications .... $ 719 32
Medals 1,969 31
88 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Plants and Flowers 220 00
Fruits 110 00
Vegetables 95 00
Expenses Paid from Funds $ 2 Oil 87
Viz : John D. W. French Fund $ 434 57
John C. Chaffin Fund 26 00
Benjamin V. French Fund . . . 107 00
John Allen French Fund 219 00
Samuel Appleton Fund 15 00
John Lewis Russell Fund 25 00
Josiah Bradlee Fund 74 00
John A. Lowell Fund 40 00
Henry A. Gane Fund 40 00
Theodore Lyman Fund 540 00
John S. Farlow Fund 92 30
H. H. Hunnewell Fund 183 00
William J. Walker Fund 74 00
Levi Whitcomb Fund 15 00
Benjamin B. Davis Fund 42 00
Marshall P. Wilder Fund 11 00
John S. Farlow, Newton Hort.
Society Fund 74 00
Subscriptions to Horticulture $ 3,422 82
Miscellaneous 350 00
Total Expenditures $60,501 92
Excess of Income over Expenditures 3,522 71 $64,024 63
Life Members, December 31, 1927 829
Added in 1928 11
Changed from annual 1
By Vote of Trustees 6
Deceased 26 821
Annual Members, December 31, 1927 3,445
Added in 1928 1,169
INAUGURAL MEETING 80
Changed to Life 7
Discontinued 227 257
Holding for 1928 dues 330 4,027
Membership, December 31, 1928 4,848
Life Membership Fees
11 New Life Members at $50 $550.00
1 Annual Member changed to Life 50.00
Income from Membership
1169 New Annual Members at $2 $2,338.00
Annual Members Dues 5,598.00
Dues in arrears paid up 140.00
Annual dues paid in advance 128.00
List of Bonds and Stocks Held by the Massachusetts
$11,300 Pere Marquette R. R. Co. 5% Bonds, 1956 $ 9,933.75
50,000 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R. 111. Div. 3y 2 %
Bonds, 1949 50,000.00
8,000 Boston & Maine R. R. 4y 2 % Bonds, 1944 8,000.00
4,000 Interborough Rapid Transit 5% Bonds, 1966 3,920.00
4,000 American Telephone & Telegraph Co. Conv. 4%
Bonds, 1936 4,000.00
20,000 Atlantic Refining Co. 5% Bonds, 1937 19,940.00
10,000 American Telephone & Telegraph Co. Conv. 4 1 /2%
Bonds, 1933 8,396.00
12,000 Pacific Telephone Co. 5% Bonds, 1937 11,670.00
10,000 New York Central R. R. Co. 5% Bonds, 2013 9,950.00
11,000 Consolidated Electric Co. Gen'l Mtge. 5% Bonds, 1955 10,010.00
10,000 Southern California Telephone Co. 5% Bonds, 1947. . 9,550.00
5,000 American Telephone & Telegraph Co. 5% Bonds, 1946 4,973.75
3,000 Chicago Junction Rys. & Union Stock Yards 5%
Bonds, 1940 2,824.50
5,000 New England Telephone & Telegraph Co. 5% Bonds,
13,000 Southern Public Utilities 5% Bonds, 1943 11,862.50
5,000 Western Electric Co. 5% Bonds, 1944 4,825.00
15,000 Yadkin River Power Co. 5% Bonds, 1941 15,077.50
90 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
3,000 Philadelphia Suburban Water Co. 1st Mtge. 5%
Bonds, 1955 2,955.00
10,000 New Jersey Power & Light Co. 5% Bonds, 1956 9,950.00
15,000 Indianapolis Gas Co. 5% Bonds, 1952 14,775.00
15,000 Fisk Rubber Co. 5%% Notes, 1931 14,737.50
15,000 Columbus Electric & Power Co. 5% Bonds, 1954. . . . 14,700.00
10,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co. 5%% Bonds, 1949. . 10,150.00
20,000 Portland Gas & Coke Co. 5% Bonds, 1940 19,900.00
6,000 Commonwealth Edison Co. Coll. 4y 2 % Bonds, 1956.. 5,745.00
25,000 State of New South Wales 5% Bonds, 1957 24,062.50
5,000 Utah Power & Light Co. 1st Mtge. 5 % Bonds, 1944. . 4,900.00
15,000 Georgia Power Co. 1st & Ref . 5% Bonds, 1967 14,550.00
10,000 Public Utilities Corp. 5%% Bonds, 1947 9,925.00
15,000 Railway & Light Securities 5% Bonds, 1951 14,587.50
12,000 New York Power & Light Corp. 1st Mtge. 4y 2 %
Bonds, 1967 11,490.00
5,000 American-European Securities Co. Coll. 5% Bonds,
25,000 Shawinigan Water & Power Co. Coll. 4y 2 % Bonds,
4,000 United States Steel Corp. 5% Bonds, 1963 4,035.00
7,000 Shell Pipe Line orp. Deb. 5% Bonds, 1952 6,860.00
5,000 Western Union Telegraph Co. 5% Bonds, 1938 4,982.50
548 Shs. General Electric Co. Common "^
726 " General Electric Co. Special 1 7,595.00
182 " Electric Bond & Share Securities Corp. J
500 " Consolidated Gas Co. of New York, Preferred 46,480.00
John S. Ames, Treasurer.
Report of the Committee on the Library
The library has again had a prosperous year. In spite of
an unusually quiet Summer, 2,958 books were loaned, 305
more than in 1927 and 1,004 more than in 1926. These books
went not only to members in the neighborhood of Boston,
but to some as far away as Florida, Georgia and California.
These figures of books loaned, however, represent only a
part of the library's activity, for in many cases the books
can be supplied only after considerable time and study have
been given to the problem the books are to solve. The inter-
INAUGURAL MEETING 91
ests of the readers have been varied. A landscape architect
planning to go abroad has read exhaustively upon the
gardens of Italy. Owners of new homes have studied the
principles of good domestic design, and established house-
holders have worked out improvements. Several professional
horticulturists have used the trade catalogue collection to
trace the history of their specialties, and growers of fruits,
vegetables and flowers of all kinds have come for practical
suggestions for their culture. Other institutions — horticul-
tural societies, arboreta and botanic gardens, departments
of agriculture and research organizations have on occasions
been given information they could obtain nowhere else.
Three hundred and seventy volumes were added to the
library in 1928. Among them, by purchase and by gift, were
several rare works of considerable value, as well as the best
of the current publications from many parts of the world.
The bindings of many of our oldest and choicest volumes
have been showing the effects of age and of modern heat,
and have been much in need of treatment. During the past
year the committee has given the problem careful study,
and has secured the services of an expert for the work.
One hundred and seventy-two volumes have been put in good
condition by her, and the work has been done with a proper
regard for the desirability (both artistic and financial) of
preserving the original bindings as far as possible. As there
are still many such volumes in need of attention, the work
is to continue in 1929.
The Committee has kept in constant touch with the work
of the library, and has met monthly except during the
Nathaniel T. Kidder, Chairman.
Products of Children's Gardens
The exhibition of the products of children's gardens was
held in Horticultural Hall, Boston, on August 25 and 26.
There were fewer exhibits of vegetables than usual because
of the wet season, but the exhibits of flowers were better
INAUGURAL MEETING 93
arranged than before and more care had been taken to have
the flowers fresh.
After the large class had had its prizes awarded, the best
exhibit in this class was found to be away from the rest in
the smaller hall. As the children had seen to which exhibits
the prizes had been given it was thought best by the judges to
award a well-merited medal to this exhibit.
Another medal was awarded to Frances Franchitto for a
vase of beautiful red Commonwealth and pink Templar roses
from her garden at 176 Florence Street, Roslindale. This
garden was afterwards visited and found to consist of three
border beds against the house. Frances was at home and said
that her mother took most of the care of the garden but that
she helped her. There were about 25 rose bushes in these beds
showing good clean foliage and a bud was coming into bloom
showing the color of the Commonwealth rose.
M. R. Case, Chairman, Exhibition of
the Products of Children's Gardens.
Report of the Committee on Prizes
In its schedule for the year 1928 the Society offered a
premium list of $5,623. The total aw T ards, including gratui-
ties of $245, amounted to $3,985, leaving a balance of $1,638.
The President offered a $100 cup at each of the exhibitions,
of which four were awarded as follows :
To the bulb garden of Mrs. Homer Gage at the Spring
To peony seedlings of Professor A. P. Saunders at the
To herbaceous and rock plants of the Bay State Nur-
series at the Dahlia Show.
To a chrysanthemum group of Edwin S. Webster at
the Autumn Show.
During the year six gold medals were awarded in addition
to 12 exhibition gold medals, 35 silver medals and 19 bronze
To new and noteworthy plants the following awards were
made : seven first-class certificates, 20 awards of merit, nine
votes of commendation and eight for horticultural skill.
94 massachusetts horticultural society
In the year 1928 seven exhibitions were held, one, as usual,
being devoted to the products of children's gardens.
The Spring Exhibition on the whole was not so good,
notable outstanding features being fewer than usual. The
garden club exhibits were better than ever before. The most
worthy exhibit was Mrs. Homer Gage's bulb garden, which
occupied the end of the large hall. It was a fine piece of
work and reflected the greatest credit on Mrs. Homer Gage
and her skillful superintendent, Allen Jenkins. This exhibit
was awarded the President's Cup and the Horticultural
Society of New York Gold Medal as the most original in the
whole show. Mr. Thomas Roland put up a small but effective
group of Acacias, which was awarded the Pennsylvania
Society's Gold Medal as the most artistic exhibit present.
However, it takes more than one or two exhibits to make a
fine exhibition, and while all our shows were strong in spots
the average was below the usual.
At the Autumn Exhibition Mr. A. C. Burrage's exhibit of
hybrid Cattleya and Laelia orchids and Mr. T. Roland's
exhibit of cypripediums were extraordinarily good. The
season, or, at any rate, the dates on which our shows fell
did not favor gladioli or dahlias, and the exhibitions of
both these popular flowers were below the average. Iris do
not figure as prominent exhibits at the shows. These beauti-
ful flowers, as a matter of fact, do not look well when cut
and placed in glass containers.
The standard of former years was in general maintained
and in several individual cases excelled, but our shows
missed the fine displays of gladioli and dahlias. At the
Peony Exhibition a notable exhibit was that of the peony
seedlings raised by Professor A. P. Saunders. His new Moutan
Paeonia Argosy, a soft glowing yellow, was one of the most
delightful flowers seen. At the Autumn Show chrysanthe-
mums were better than for many years past and the exhibit
by Mr. Edwin S. Webster, set up by his superintendent,
Peter Arnot, was one of the finest displays of its kind
staged these many years. It was fittingly awarded the
INAUGURAL MEETING 95
President's Cup. The nurserymen again made good exhibits
at the Autumn Exhibition. This show is beginning to rival
the Spring Exhibition in importance and it would appear as
if the time has come to make it a more prominent and more
important event in the Society's annual calendar of exhibi-
tions. This can be done best by enlarging the schedule and
increasing the value of the prizes. The question of making it
a paid show might well be contemplated.
At the Autumn Exhibition there was a good display of
apples and another one of grapes, but on the whole fruit
did not measure up to expectations or standards.
At one or two exhibitions there were good exhibits staged
but they were not so good as those of 1927. It would appear
that the art of growing fruit and vegetables, or at least the
interest in these invaluable subjects, gets less and less every
year. Apparently we are content to let the commercial
grower, especially of Florida and California, supply our
tables with these necessary items. This is to be regretted
since no one denies that the finest of both are those which
are grown and gathered fresh from the home garden.
The judges fulfilled their exacting duties to the satisfac-
tion of all concerned and once more it is the pleasant duty
of the Committee on Prizes to record its appreciation of the
sound judgment, fairness of spirit and harmonious working
of the judges of flowers, fruit and vegetables throughout
E. H. Wilson, Chairman.
Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications
Twelve lectures at a total cost of $744.32 were delivered
before the members of the Society during the year 1928, as
below. That on Mushrooms was paid out of the John L.
Russell Fund for Lectures on Fungi.
Modern Garden Design, by Sir Lawrence Weaver, Febru-
ary 13, 1928.
96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Gardens of the North Shore, by Herbert W. Gleason,
March 14, 1928.
Four Week Course in Garden Design, by Bradford Wil-
liams, starting April 9, 1928.
The Beardless Iris, by John C. Wister, June 17, 1928.
Annuals for the Home Garden, by Clark L. Thayer, June
Cultivation of the Peony, by Paul L. Battey, June 24,
Arrangement of Cut Flowers, by B. F. Letson, August
Packing and Shipping Gladioli, by H. E. Meader, August
Mushrooms, by Professor Charles Carroll Dodge, Novem-
ber 4, 1928.
The four lectures on garden design by Mr. Bradford Wil-
liams were given as a course on this subject. On the whole,
the lectures, as in former years, were well attended.
In March the fifth Year Book of the Society was issued.
In this are published details concerning the principal activ-
ities of the Society for the year.
It is extremely satisfactory to be able to record another
successful year for Horticulture Illustrated. On January 1,
1927, the paid circulation was 13,200 ; today it is 16,000, while
the total number printed is 18,500. Last year we were able to
state that our paper circulated in every state in the union
except New Mexico. Today I am happy to say that even New
Mexico has capitulated. Horticulture Illustrated now has sub-
scribers in every state in the union as well as in Canada and
in twenty -nine foreign countries. The volume of advertising-
carried during 1928 amounted to $29,408.74, being an increase
of $7,077.37. The total receipts for the year amounted to
$45,983.37. The expenses were $39,147.16, leaving a balance
on hand of $6,806.21.
The Committee on Lectures and Publications has in con-
sequence of this successful year been able to transfer to the
Society the sum of $5,000, leaving Horticulture with a balance
on January 1 of $1,806.21. Members will note that the cover
proposition has been solved in an ingenious yet business way.
It is sold as an advertising page together with the back cover
98 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
but the editor controls the picture that shall appear on the
front page and the advertiser's name appears only in small
letters at the foot of the page. Last year the quality of the
paper was improved and this year we are going a step further
in this direction, our main desire being to improve the char-
acter of the illustrations. These we feel have not yet reached
the standard worthy of the paper and of the Societies whose
organ it is.
The success of Horticulture is due, undoubtedly, to the fact
that it supplies a want and serves the ever growing army of
garden enthusiasts. Its contents are always varied in char-
acter, the editor's object being to leave no field of horticulture
unaided. To the perspicacity and loyal devotion of our editor
and secretary, Mr. E. I. Farrington, the success of Horticul-
ture Illustrated in 1928, as in other years, is largely due.
E. H. Wilson, Chairman.
Report of Committee on Exhibitions
Your Committee on Exhibitions is obliged to report a
decrease in attendance, during 1928, at the shows of our
Society. This is an unpleasant duty, especially because
several previous years had shown an increase from year to
year, which we had hoped would continue. Inquiry seems
to yield evidence that no special or local conditions are
responsible for this. Flower shows in other places seem to
have suffered similarly, and even entertainments of various
sorts given for charities or institutional work appear to have
had a falling off in attendance and in receipts.
There seems to be no connection between the decrease in
attendance and the charge for admission. The number visit-
ing the free shows has been less in proportions similar to
the variation in attendance at the large Spring show where
admission was charged. Non-members paid $12,481.00 to
see the Spring show. This is the largest amount taken at any
show of the Society in recent years but does not mean the
largest attendance, as the admission was one dollar for
three days, where formerly it had been fifty cents through-
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXHIBITIONS 99
out the show. The publicity for this show was managed by
Mr. Chester I. Campbell, whom we think again demonstrated
the advantage of expert handling of publicity.
The Massachusetts garden clubs again co-operated at the
Spring show and their exhibits were more numerous and in
greater variety than formerly. Their assistance was valuable,
and without it our show would certainly lack some of its
outstanding features. The Exhibition Committee takes this
opportunity to thank sincerely Mrs. S. P. Wigglesworth,
general chairman, and all of those who contributed so
generously of time and material, using great and successful
efforts to get remarkable results.
We also had the helpful co-operation of the American
Peony Society, the New England Gladiolus Society and the
New England Dahlia Society at the Summer shows.
The Exhibition Committee also expresses its appreciation
of all those who aided in making these shows so success-
ful. The hearty co-operation of many is essential, and our
Society is fortunate in having a membership and friends
who respond heartily to a call to help in this service of
making horticulture more loved and better appreciated. To
enhance the general desire for community cleanliness and
beauty, and for individual interest and participation, is
always commendable. The results are increased delight,
sometimes cheer and sometimes solace, but always pleasure.
Thomas Roland, Chairman.
Membership in the Massachusetts
The constitution of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society-
fixes the annual dues at $2.00. For many years it was cus-
tomary to charge an admission fee of $10.00, but by vote
of the Trustees this requirement has been set aside for the
entire year of 1929. Until the end of this year the only charge
to new members will be $2.00, although this sum does not
cover the cost to the Society of the publications which they
Life membership is obtained by paying the sum of $50.00,
no further charge ever being required. Annual members who
have paid the entrance fee of $10.00 in past years may become
life members by paying $40.00 additional.
All members receive an identification card, which should
be presented when books are borrowed from the library.
Any man or woman in any part of the country who is
properly endorsed may make application for membership.
New members are needed in order to increase the influence of
the Society, and to broaden the scope of its work.
Application blanks may be obtained by writing to
NOTE — The secretary is glad to have present members send
in the names of friends who might like to become enrolled.
The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society whose deaths have been reported during
the year 1928 :
Mrs. George F. Arnold
Clarence A. Backer
Miss A. S. Bailey
Edward D. Blake
Mrs. J. A. L. Blake
Mrs. Mary D. Burdett
William H. Burgess
Henry R. Comley
Miss Harriet L. Crosby
Joseph H. Curtis
Miss Florence M. Cushing
George T. Dexter
Azro M. Dows
William B. H. Dowse
Mrs. Harry A. Edgerly
Herbert E. Fales
Mrs. H. M. Field
Mrs. William C. Fisher
Harry E. Fiske
Irving B. Frost
Mrs. Fred Hill
Charles H. Hyde
Mrs. George Taylor Leigh
Mrs. Abbie M. Leland
Miss Cora J. Leland
Otis H. Luke
George Rainsford Martin
George H. Morgan
Charles H. Morse
Robert C. Morse
Rev. William W. Newton
Mrs. Warren Ordway
Mrs. Henrietta Page
John J. Richards
James E. Roth well
Frederick LeRoy Sargent
George F. Schrafft
Justin E. Varney
Mrs. Frank L. Wesson
Charles T. White
Dr. Leon E. White
Monsieur Joseph Pernet-Ducher
Sir W. T. Thiselton Dyer, K.C., M.G., F.R.S.
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Lambourne, P.C., C.V.O., V.M.H.
Massachusetts Horticultural Society
1900 Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, New York
1925 D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colorado.
1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Director of the Agricultural College,
1921 J. F. Bailey, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, South
1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y.
1925 F. R. S. Baleour, Dawyck, Stobo, Peebleshire, Scotland.
19.11 W. J. Bean, Royal Gardens, Kew, England
1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France.
1925 James Boyd, Haverford, Pa.
1925 I. H. Burkill, F. L. S., care the Royal Gardens, Kew.
1925 G. H. Cave, Darjeeling, India.
1922 Joseph Edgar Chamberlin, Boston, Mass.
1918 Leon Chenault, Orleans, France.
1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Director of the Royal Horticultural
Society Gardens, Wisley, Ripley, Surrey, England.
1925 Woon Young Chun, Botanical Dept., Southeastern Univer-
sity, Nanking, China.
1921 Allister Clark, Glenara, Bulla, Victoria, Australia.
1921 Dr. Leonard Cockayne, Ngaio, Wellington, New Zealand.
1925 Henri Correvon, Geneva, Switzerland.
1925 G. W. Darnell- Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gar-
dens, Sydney, New South Wales.
1925 Henry F. du Pont, Winterthur, Delaware.
1925 Pierre S. du Pont, Wilmington, Delaware. r
1918 William C. Eagan, Highland Park, 111.
1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England.
1925 I. B. Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director Botanical
Survey, Pretoria, South Africa.
1925 G. Frazier, Ucuelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Gar-
1900 Beverly T. Galloway, Department of Agriculture, Washing-
ton, D. C.
1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota.
1925 Miss M. C. Hastie, Magnolia Gardens, S. C.
MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 103
1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, N. Y.
1907 Dr. Augustine Henry, Dublin, Ireland.
1925 Joseph Hers, Tung Chang Hutung, Peking, China.
1925 William Hertrick, San Gabriel, California.
1925 Hermann A. Hessie, Weener, Germany.
1925 M. Robert Hickel, Versailles, France.
1925 A. H. Hill, Dundee, 111.
1925 Arthur W. Hill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, Eng-
1925 E. G. Hill, Richmond, Ind.
1925 E. Hillier, Winchester, England.
1897 J. W. Hoffman, Orangeburg, S. C.
1925 R. E. Horsey, Rochester, N. Y.
1925 Professor H. H. Hu, National Southeastern University, Nan-
1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin.
1925 Hon. William M. Jardine, Secretary of Agriculture, Wash-
ington, D. C.
1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, N. Y.
1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia.
1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y.
1875 G. F. B. Leighton, Norfolk, Virginia.
1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France.
1925 Gerald W. E. Loder, M.A., F.L.S., Sussex, England.
1925 Donald MacGregor, Shanghai, China.
1925 Dr. Rudolph Marloth, Capetown, South Africa.
1925 Sir John S. Maxwell, Pollokshaws, Scotland.
1925 The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E. Maxwell, Bart., F.R.S., D.C.L.,
Wigtownshire, North Britain.
1875 F. C. Maxwell, Geneva, N. Y.
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California.
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pa.
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pa.
1911 Wilhelm Miller, University of Illinois, Urbana, 111.
1925 Rev. E. M. Mills, D.D., Laguna Beach, California.
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Director of the Botanic Garden, Sapporo,
1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland.
1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Mo.
1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada,
104 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
1887 Sir Daniel Morris, K.C.M.G., 14 Crabton Close, Boscombe,
1925 Mr. Joy Morton, Chicago, Illinois.
1919 M. Seraphin Joseph Mottet, Verrieres-le-Buisson (Seine-et-
1925 F. R. Newbold, New York, N. Y.
1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-surVernisson (Loiret), France.
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, Warlingham, Surrey, England.
1925 Miss Isabel Preston, Ottawa, Canada.
1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark.
1894 Cavaliere Enrico Raguso, Palermo, Sicily.
1925 Dr. Robert Ridgway, Olney, Illinois.
1906 Dr. Henry L. Ridley, care Royal Gardens, Kew.
1898 Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, Ph.D., Curator of the Gray
Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge.
1875 William Robinson. East Grinstead, Sussex, England.
1921 L. Rodway, C. M. G., Government Botanist and Secretary,
Botanic Gardens, Hobart, Tasmania.
1899 William Salway, Cincinnati, Ohio.
1925 Camillo Schneider, Charlottenburg, Germany.
1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba.
1925 Professor William Wright Smith, Royal Botanic Gardens,
1925 Dr. H. Spaeth, Berlin-Baumschulenweg, Germany.
1925 Dr. Otto Stapf, London, England.
1921 David Tannock, Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Dunedin,
1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, HI.
1921 M. Jacques de Vilmorin, Paris, France.
1912 Professor Hugo de Vries, University of Amsterdam, Amster-
1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Bagshot, Surrey, England.
1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland,
1919 J. C. Williams, Gorran, Cornwall, England.
1906 Miss Ellen Willmott, Great Warley, Essex, England.
1911 E. H. Wilson, Jamaica Plain, Mass.
1921 Gurney Wilson, Richmond, Surrey, England.
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Pa.
1901 Professor L. Wittmack, Secretary of the Royal Prussian
Horticultural Society, Berlin.
1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England.
NEW MEMBERS IN 1928
Abbott, Mr. Harold T., Medford.
Abbott, Mrs. Harrie, Maiden.
Abbott, Mr. Ralph F., Danvers.
Abbott, Mr. Samuel A. B., Rome, Italy.
Adams, Mrs. L. Sherman, Wellesley.
Adams, Mrs. Samuel, Dorchester.
Adams, Mr. Wilnian E., Brookline.
Adshead, Mr. Ernest, Sr., Auburn.
Alcaide, Mrs. Antonio, Brookline.
Allen, Mrs. G. Howard, Arlington.
Allen, Mrs. J. Irving, Woburn.
Allen, Mr. John K. Brookline.
Allen, Mr. Leon T., West Medford.
Allen, Mrs. Philip R., Walpole.
Allen, Dr. Robert, Attleboro.
Allen, Mrs. William A., Marlboro.
Allen, Mr. William L., Chestnut Hill.
Ames, Miss Edith, Bridgewater.
* Anderson, Caroline P., Brookline.
Anderson, Mrs. Charles W., Maiden.
Andrews, Mrs. Edward A., Newton
Andrews, Miss Katharine H., West
Andrews, Mrs. Richard P., Roxbury.
Angert, Mr. Eugene H., St. Louis, Mo.
Anthony, Mr. A. C, Marblehead.
Applebee, Mrs. James W., East Lynn.
Armstrong, Mrs. Richard, Boston.
Arnold, Mrs. Henry, Dorchester.
Aronson, Miss Lillian, Chelsea.
Arthur, Mr. Franklin, Chebeagne, Me.
Atwood, Mrs. I. P., Melrose.
Ault, Mrs. Charles, Auburn, Maine.
Austin, Mr. Fred W., Manchester-by-
Austin, Mr. George Barker, Holbrook.
Austin, Mr. James W., Dover.
Austin, Miss Laura C, Somerville.
Austin, Mrs. W. D., Boston.
Avery, Mrs. G. L., Newton Centre.
Ayer, Mrs. F. Wayland, Newton Centre.
Babbitt, Mrs. A. F., Hudson.
Babbitt, Miss Ina F., Hudson.
Bacon, Mrs. W. Bartlett, Brookline.
Bacon, Mr. William, Brookline.
Bacon, Mrs. William, Boston.
Bacon, Mr. William H., Cambridge.
Badger, Mrs. Charles K., Newton
Bagley, Mr. Ray C, South Peabody.
Bailey, Mrs. Jane V., Lynn.
Bailey, Mrs. Sidney E., Swampscott.
Bakeman, Mrs. F. E., Newton Centre.
Baker, Mr. A. Stuart, Dayton, Ohio.
Baker, Mr. Clifton H., Wollaston.
Baker, Mrs. Ella J., Hingham.
Baker, Mr. George D., Melrose.
Baker, Mrs. H. B., Roslindale.
Baker, Mrs. H. C, Maiden.
Balch, Dr. Franklin G., Boston.
Ballou, Mrs. Helen H., Brookline.
Ballou, Mr. Russell A., Brookline.
Bancroft, Mrs. Charles P., Concord.
Barber, Miss A. M., Boston.
Barber, Mr. Earl H., Reading.
Barker, Mr. Charles R., Wellesley.
Barker, Miss Elizabeth G., Salem.
Barnes, Miss Helen W., Lowell.
Barnett, Mr. J. M., Clifton.
Barthel Mr. Frederick, Framingham.
Bartlett, Miss Bess, Lynn.
Bartlett, Mrs. N. E., Andover.
Bassett, Mrs. William H., Bridgewater.
Batchelder, Mrs. Charles F., Cambridge.
Batchelder, Miss Edith, Boston.
Bates, Mrs. G. M., Wellesley Farms.
Battelle, Miss Sarah W., Boston.
Bauman, Mr. Paul E., North Abington.
Bearse, Miss Constance, Centreville.
Beattie, Mr. William T., Arlington.
Beck, Mrs. Herbert C, West Roxbury.
Beckwith, Mrs. Grace S., Cambridge.
Beede, Miss Frances M., Cambridge.
Belknap, Mrs. R. H., Framingham.
Bell, Mrs. Harriette B., East Milton.
Bellefontaine, Mr. William O., Hull's
Bennett, Dr. Frank E., St. Thomas,
Bennett, Mrs. Samuel Crocker, Auburn-
Benoit, Mr. Armand W., Maiden.
Benson, Mr. Charles H., Waverley.
Bent, Mr. Arthur T., Boston.
Bentley, Mrs. Robert L., Milton.
Berry, Mrs. E. J., Leland, Miss.
Berry, Mrs. James M., Maiden.
Berry, Mrs. Rose, Randolph.
Besse, Mrs. Harry W., Wayland.
Best, Miss Gretchen M., Boston.
Betterton, Mrs. T. C, Chattanooga,
Bever, Miss Linda, Appleton City, Mo.
Bigelow, Mrs. C. Willard, Brookline.
Bigelow, Mrs. Carl M., West Newton.
Bigelow, Miss Gertrude, Natick.
Bigelow, Mrs. Pauline, Belleport, L. I.,
Bigelow, Mrs. Robert P., Brookline.
Bignault, Mr. George, Savannah, Ga.
Billings, Mr. Edmund, Boston.
Billings, Mrs. H. J., South Acton.
Bingham, Mr. Michael, Somerville.
Bingham, Mr. Stillman, Duluth, Minn.
Binley, Mrs. William, Braintree.
Bishop, Mrs. Arthur J., Brockton.
Blanchard, Mr. Herbert W., Concord.
r Life Members.
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Blease, Mr. Thomas, Pawtucket, R. I.
Bleicken, Mr. Gerhard, Centreville.
Bliss, Mr. E. F., Cambridge.
Bliss, Mrs. Henry M., Chestnut Hill.
Boland, Mrs. E. N., Melrose Highlands.
Bourne, Mrs. F. A., Boston.
Bosson, Mrs. L. K., Newton Upper
Bothfeld, Mrs. Henry, Sherborn.
Bowen, Mr. Clovis H, Pawtucket, R. I.
Bowen, Mrs. Elma S., Pawtucket, R. I.
Bowers, Mr. C. Fred, "Woburn.
Bowers, Miss Laura, Ashland.
Boynton, Mr. Henry E. E., Watertown.
Brackett, Mrs. W. D., Stoneham.
Bradford, Miss Annie L., Watertown.
Bradford, Mrs. Clifton G., Norfolk.
Bradford, Mr. Dale, Melbern, Ohio.
Bradley, Mr. J. H., Brookline.
Brainard, Mr. A. W., Seattle, Wash.
Brewster, Mrs. DeWitt C, Lexington.
Briggs, Mr. Arthur, North Easton.
Briggs, Mrs. F. M., Pocasset.
Brigham, Miss Dorcas, Northampton.
Brigham, Mrs. William L., Providence,
Britt, Mrs. Helen C, Brighton.
Bronch, Mrs. Ernest W., Quincy.
Brook, Mrs. E. C, Melrose.
Brooks, Mrs. Edwin D., Concord.
Brooks, Miss Gertrude, Boston.
Brooks, Mrs. Walter D., Readville.
Brown, Mrs. C. W., South Hingham.
Brown, Mr. Charles F., Wellesley Hills.
Brown, Miss Edith, Brighton.
Brown, Mrs. Edith E., Hyde Park.
Brown, Mrs. Edith H., Sharon.
Brown, Mrs. Edwin F., North Fal-
Brown, Mr. Ernest, Dedham.
Brown, Mrs. H. S., Wellesley.
Brown, Mrs. Henry M., Westport,
Brown, Mrs. Laurence A., Boston.
Brown, Miss Lilla M., Cambridge.
Brown, Mr. Phillips C., Framingham.
Brown, Mrs. Samuel, Edgewood, R. I.
Browning, Mr. Henry Hunt, Worcester.
Browning, Mrs. Henry H, Worcester.
Bryant, Mrs. E. J., Greenfield.
Bryant, Mr. Herbert A., Braintree.
Buckley, Mrs. John H., Swampscott.
Buckley, Mrs. William A., Winthrop.
Budgell, Mr. A. T., Newton Highlands.
Buffum, Mr. Albert F., Watertown.
Bulk, Mr. Reinier, Newport, R. I.
Bunton, Mrs. Andrew, Atlantic.
Burgess, Mr. Martin, Reading.
Burnell, Mrs. Luella K., Atlantic.
Burnham, Mrs. Ira F., Stoughton.
Burrage, Miss Mildred, Cambridge.
Burrell, Mr. Charles A., East Foxboro.
Burrell, Mrs. Randal 0., Watertown.
Burrows, Mrs. Walter O., Lynn.
Burt, Mrs. Leon C, North Lexington.
Burton, Miss Edith G., Cambridge.
Burton, Mrs. F. A., Waban.
Bushby, Mr. Curtis, Cliftondale.
Busk, Mr. F. Wadsworth, Chestnut
Buswell, Miss Marion E., Dorchester.
Butler, Mrs. George E., Fall River.
Buttler, Dr. George, Worcester.
Butz, Mr. Edgar O., Auburndale.
Cabot, Mrs. Frederick P., Boston.
Cabot, Mrs. Henry B., Jr., Needham.
Cabot, Mrs. Norman, Brookline.
Cady, Mrs. Josephine A., Boston.
Caldwell, Mr. John A., Winchester.
Campbell, Mrs. Alfonso S., Winchester.
Campbell, Mrs. Charles A., Wollaston.
Campbell, Mr. Edward N. Weymouth.
Campbell, Miss Elizabeth, Danvers.
Cannon, Mrs. Carl W., Boston.
Capel, Mrs. Fred W., Bridgewater.
Carlton, Mr. Charles E., Cambridge.
Carney, Miss Annie, Brookline.
Carpenter, Miss D., Marshfield.
Carr, Mr. Fred M., Winchester.
Carter, Mrs. A. F., Chestnut Hill.
Carter, Miss H. L., Maiden.
Carver, Mrs. E. Milburn, Bridgewater.
Casey, Mr. Thomas, Fitchburg.
Caswell, Mrs. Thomas, Taunton.
*Cate, Mrs. Curtis W., Santa Barbara,
Cavarly, Mr. C. Gardner, Ipswich.
Center, Miss Suzanne S., Gloucester.
Chadwick, Mr. H. T., Winter Hill.
Chamberlain, Miss Eleanor M., Paeon-
nian Springs, Va.
Chandler, Mr. Henry N., Brookline.
Chandler, Mrs. Henry N., Brookline.
Ohapin, Mrs. Arthur, Bangor, Maine.
Chapman, Mrs. G. F., Plymouth.
Chase, Mr. George B., Woburn.
Chase, Mrs. L. S., West Newton.
Chase, Mr. Melville B., Nahant.
Chatterton, Mr. Allen W., Pawtucket,
Cheever, Mr. F. C, Saugus.
Chenery, Mrs. Horace, Concord.
Chesler, Mr. Isidor, West Orange, N. J.
Child, Miss Annie C, Augusta, Maine.
Child, Miss Florence B., Boston.
Childs, Mrs. Arthur E., Boston.
Childs, Mrs. Charles E., Northampton.
Chisholm, Mrs. George J., Medford.
Chisholm, Mrs. William, Marblehead.
Choate, Mrs. Robert B., Topsfield.
Cholerton, Mrs. Samuel B., Bridge-
NEW MEMBERS IN 1928
Olapp, Mrs. Albion Robert, Auburndale.
Clapp, Miss Antoinette, Wellesley Hills.
Clapp, Miss Mary C, Brookline.
Clark, Miss E. Eugene, Randolph.
Clark, Mr. George G., Plymouth. N. H.
Clark, Mrs. William L., Brookline.
Clarke, Mrs. Edward R., Winthrop.
Clay, Mrs. Gertrude D., Charlestown.
Clemonds, Miss Annie, Ballardvale.
Close, Mrs. E. Frank, Melrose.
Cloud, Mr. Paul M. f Boston.
Cloud, Mrs. Paul M. f Boston.
Clough, Miss Alice G., Haverhill.
Clough, Miss Gertrude H., Dedham.
Coburn, Miss Louise, Jamaica Plain.
Codman, Mrs. John S., West Roxbury.
Cole, Mrs. A. L., Lawrence.
Cole, Mrs. F. P., Wellesley Hills.
Cole, Mrs. Harry F., Newburyport.
Collamore, Miss Florence, Braintree.
Colman, Miss Harriot W., Newburyport.
Conant, Mrs. Linwood C, Dedham.
Conant, Mrs. Sarah E., Waltham.
Connell, Mr. Edward J., Brighton.
Connors, Mrs. A. E., Melrose.
Converse, Mr. Danforth, Dedham.
Cooke, Dr. William P., Boston.
Coolidge, Mrs. J. Gardner, Brookline.
Coombe, Mr. Frederick E., East Bridge-
Coon, Mrs. Bessie C, Wakefield.
Cooper, Mrs. Rose Harris, Boston.
Copeland, Mrs. Harold W., Bridge-
Copeland, Mrs. William A., Chestnut
Corbett, Mr. Patrick J., Jamaica Plain.
Corliss, Mrs. Cyrus, West Roxbury.
Costello, Mr. Jerry, Lynn.
Cote, Mrs. E., Fall River.
Cotter, Mrs. R. J., Cambridge.
*Cotting, Mr. C. E., Boston.
Cousin, Mrs. James L., Jamaica Plain.
Covell, Mr. N. Edwin, Boston.
Cowan, Mrs. Charles E., Brookline.
Cox, Mr. Edward Jones, Newtonville.
Cox, Mr. Gilbert W., Needham.
Cox, Miss Nellie J., Boston.
Craigin, Mrs. George A., Boston.
Craver, Miss Mary, Cambridge.
Crawford, Mr. Marion, North Abington.
Crocker, Mr. Howard E., Maiden.
Crocker, Mr. Percy G., Cambridge.
Croft, Mr. L. P., Cambridge.
Cronin, Mr. Arthur D., South Natick.
Cronin, Mrs. Arthur D., South Natick.
Cronin, Mr. Bernard M., Jamaica
Crossley, Mr. W. P., Brookline.
Crowe, Mrs. Lillian M., West Roxbury.
Crowell, Mr. W. F., Winchester.
Crowley, Mr. Dennis M., Boston.
Cruickshank, Mr. Alexander, West
Cumings, Mrs. Margaret A., Lowell.
Cummer, Mrs. W. E., Jacksonville, Fla.
Cummings, Mrs. F. B., Newton.
Cummings, Mr. Frank A., Winchester.
Currier, Mrs. C. L., Lawrence.
Curtis, Mrs. Alfred, Concord.
Curtis, Mrs. Charles W., Jr., Marl-
Curtis, Mrs. George W., West Roxbury.
Curtis, Mr. Herman G., Jamaica Plain.
Curwen, Miss Bessie H., Salem.
Dana, Mr. Arthur P., Wellesley.
Dane, Mrs. Francis S., Lexington.
Daniels, Miss Nellie F., Brockton.
Darrin, Mrs. Natalie C, Hopedale.
Davenport, Mrs. Arthur C, Braintree.
Davies, Mr. Charles H., Stoneham.
Davis, Miss Dorothy, Milton.
Davis, Mrs. Edna Claire, Brookline.
Davis, Mr. Harry A., Hopedale.
Davis, Mrs. Henry C, Jr., Lexington.
Davis, Mrs. J. Morton, Salem.
Davis, Mrs. Philip W., Cambridge.
Davis, Mrs. Walter G., Cambridge.
Davison, Mr. Harold M., Ridgewood,
Day, Mr. Charles F., West Millbury.
Day, Miss Ethel G., Melrose Highlands.
Dean, Miss Hannah May, Raynham
Deane, Mr. Walter, Cambridge.
Dearborn, Mrs. George W., Lowell.
DeAvila, Mrs. Cecilia M., Cambridge.
DeBlois, Mrs. George L., Boston.
Decowski, Mr. Joseph, Cambridge.
Deeg, Mr. George, Sharon.
Delabarre, Mrs. Frank A., Greenbush.
Deland, Mrs. L. F., Kennebunkport,
Delano, Mrs. Charles, New Bedford.
Delorey, Mr. Leonell A., Medford.
Dennett, Mr. Charles N., Jr., Amesbury.
Dennis, Mrs. Edwin W., Providence,
Derby, Mr. Charles H., Jr., Paxton.
Desmond, Mr. Arthur W., Milton.
Dewey, Mr. Mervin A., Sunderland.
Dewey, Mrs. Percy, Belmont.
Dewing, Mrs. Wilbur W., Kingston.
Dexter, Mrs. Stanley W., Boston.
Dexter, Mrs. W. E., Boston.
Dibble, Mrs. F. F., Newburyport.
Dickinson, Mrs. Everett M., Harvard.
Dickinson, Mrs. John D., Watertown.
Dieles, Mr. Remy, Everett.
Dimick, Miss Esther, Watertown.
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Dimond, Mr. James G., Westchester
County, N. Y.
Dodge, Miss Alice W., Cambridge.
Donnelly, Mr. F. J. D., Attleboro.
Donovan, Miss Nora, "Weston.
Dooley, Mrs. Thomas P., East Milton.
Doran, Mr. David, Lexington.
Doran, Mr. Robert E., Lexington.
Dorgan, Mr. John P., Weston.
Doten, Mr. Clarence A., Auburndale.
Doucette, Mr. Ernest F., Merrimac.
Doughty, Miss Annie W., Wellesley.
Douglas, Mrs. William L., Brookline.
Downs, Mr. Edgar T., Belmont.
Doyle, Miss Elizabeth, Cambridge.
Drake, Miss Elizabeth, Revere.
Draper, Mrs. Clare H., Hopedale.
Draper, Miss Mary E., Canton.
Drew, Mr. Henry J. W., Boston.
Drewett, Mr. Frank, Dedham.
Driver, Miss Daisy G., Wakefield.
Druley, Miss Bertha M., East Lexing-
Drummey, Mr. William F., Boston.
Durant, Mr. William H., Dorchester.
Dutton, Mrs. Warren H., Bedford.
Dwight, Miss Edith M., Holliston.
Eager, Miss Mabel T., Auburndale.
Earl, Mrs. Alice, Melrose Highlands.
Eaton, Mrs. Albert N., Manomet.
Eaton, Miss Lucy H., Boston.
Eaton, Miss Nancy, Needham Heights.
Eddy, Mrs. E. N., Paradise, Pa.
Eddy, Mrs. Lyman K., Jamaica Plain.
Eddy, Miss Priscilla C, West Newton.
Edmands, Mrs. J. Wiley, Newton High-
Edson, Mrs. Maude A., Amherst.
Edwards, Mrs. J. H., Swampscott.
Ego, Mr. Daniel F., Brighton.
Ehrenfried, Mrs. Alfred, Brookline.
Eichorf, Mr. Joseph H., Mattapan.
Eldridge, Mrs. Stanley H., Lexington.
Eldridge, Mr. William T., Cambridge.
Elliott, Mr. George R. L., Amherst.
Ellsworth, Miss Eunice, Broad Brook,
Ely, Miss Ruth, Providence, R. I.
Emerson, Mrs. Eva, East Lynn.
Epps, Mrs. Thomas Byrd, Boston.
*Erickson, Mr. Arioch Wentworth,
Eshleman, Mrs. Frank M., Milton.
Evans, Mrs. A. L., Braintree.
Falvey, Mrs. Donald, Chestnut Hill.
Farmer, Miss Adalena R., Jamaica
Farmer, Mrs. J. W., Milton.
Faulkner, Miss Catharine, Lowell.
Febiger, Mr. W. S., Readville.
Fee, Miss Lillian, Jamaica Plain.
Feldman, Miss Ida, Dorchester.
Feneno, Mrs. Mary E., Roslindale.
Fenno, Mr. Edward N., Boston.
Ferguson, Mrs. Arthur, Peabody.
Ferguson, Mr. Francis G., Peabody.
Field, Mrs. David Porter, Wellesley.
Fifield, Mr. Charles W., Jr., Maiden.
Fish, Miss Caroline B., Brookline.
Fisher, Miss Edith C, Boston.
Fisher, Mrs. G. E., Newtonville.
Fiske, Mrs. George I., Roxbury.
Fitzgerald, Mr. William J., Winchester.
Flaherty, Mr. James C, Marshfield.
Flynn, Mrs. John E., Bridgewater.
Floyd, Miss Minnie H., Winthrop.
Folts, Miss E. Maude, Winchester.
Folts, Miss Gladys M., Winchester.
Fonseca, Mr. Martin G., Amherst.
Forbush, Mrs. Walter A., Campello.
Ford, Mr. Myron P., East Weymouth.
Forsyth, Mr. Herbert, Westfield, N. J.
Foss, Miss Ruby L., Auburndale.
Foster, Mrs. David, West Roxbury.
Foster, Miss Helen L., Wollaston.
Foster, Mr. Walter B., Hingham.
Fowler, Mrs. Albert E., Westfield.
Franceschini, Mrs. Augusto, Assinippi.
Frederick, Mr. Austin W., West Rox-
Frese, Mr. Paul F., Waltham.
Fuller, Mr. Robert, Woburn.
Gale, Mr. Merton S., Gardner.
Gardner, Mrs. G. C, Springfield.
Gardner, Deaconess, Brookline.
Gardner, Mrs. William E., Boston.
Gathemann, Mrs. Adolph A., Boston.
Gattrell, Mr. Frank, Bar Harbor, Me.
Gay, Mrs. H. B., Salem.
Gay, Mrs. L. Anna, Salem.
Geddes, Mrs. W. H., East Milton.
Getcheller, Mr. Walter, Randolph.
Gibbons, Miss Rosa M., Melrose.
Gibson, Mr. Charles H., Boston.
Gilbert, Mrs. J. H., Ware.
Giles, Mr. George A., Cambridge.
Gill, Mrs. Kermode F., Cleveland, Ohio.
Gilman, Mr. Louis I., Dorchester.
Glazier, Mrs. Frederick P., Hudson.
Gleason, Mr. Gay, Newton.
Gleason, Miss Mary B., Manchester, Vt.
Goff, Mr. G. Russell, Hopedale.
Gooch, Mrs. Mary P., Watertown.
Goodale, Mrs. Robert L., Cambridge.
Goodwin, Mrs. Richard E., Augusta,
Googins, Mr. Charles E., Belmont.
Goostray, Mrs. Jane, Watertown.
Gordon, Mrs. Charles, Glendora, Calif.
Gordon, Miss Marion L., Newtonville.
Goss, Mrs. John, Walpole.
Gough, Mr. George, Cohasset.
NEW MEMBERS IN 1928
Goulart, Mr. Joseph F., Gloucester.
Gould, Mrs. Harry V., Melrose.
Gourley, Mrs. Helen P., Waban.
Goward, Miss Marion C, North Easton.
Grassey, Mr. Alphonse, Natick.
Grauman, Mrs. Muriel, Stoneham.
Gray, Miss Nellie, Lowell.
Greene, Mr. Henry Jewett, Petersham.
Greenwood, Mrs. William, Lawrence.
Grondahl, Mrs. E. L., Dorset, Vt.
Grover, Mr. E. G., Wollaston.
Grover, Mr. E. Laurence, Halifax.
Gunn, Miss Margaret, Quebec, Canada.
Guzzi, Mr. Pasquale, West Newton.
Hacker, Mrs. E. H., Lynn.
Hale, Mrs. Philip L., Dedham.
Hall, Mrs. Harry W., Braintree.
Hall, Mrs. Harry S., Boston.
Hall, Mr. Oliver, Hingham.
Hall, Miss Rita K., Billerica.
Hallowell, Mrs. N. Penrose, Milton.
Hamel, Mr. F. H., Jr., Yazoo City, Miss.
Hammond, Mrs. H. E., West Roxbury.
Haner, Miss Frances, Groton.
Hanna, Mr. Elmer K., Everett.
Hanna, Mr. William J., Holyoke.
Hannauer, Mrs. George, Chestnut Hill.
Hannigan, Miss Mary F., Fitchburg.
Happold, Mrs. H. P., Northborough.
Hardy, Mrs. B. F. B., North Woburn.
Hardy, Mr. Charles A., Wellesley
Hardy, Miss Ruth W., Littleton.
Harkness, Mrs. Arthur F., Walpole.
Harrar, Miss Emma R., Devon, Penn.
Harriman, Mrs. J. L., Hudson.
Harrington, Miss Katharine, Lexington.
Harris, Mrs. C. L., Waltham.
Harrison, Miss Dorothea K., Boston.
Harrison, Mrs. William Carter, Brain-
Hart, Mr. Francis E., Whitman.
Hart, Mr. William L., Fredonia, N. Y.
Harworth, Mr. E. E., San Bernardino,
Haskell, Mrs. Mabelle C, Beverly.
Hastie, Mr. C. Norwood, Charleston,
Hawes, Miss Mary 0., Fall River.
Hawks, Mr. Paul, Deerfield.
Haworth, Miss Dorothea, Newton Cen-
Hay, Mrs. H. 0., Belmont.
Haynes, Mr. Jesse E. f Brattleboro, Vt.
Healy, Miss L. B., East Lynn.
Heard, Mrs. Florence W., Cambridge.
Hebard, Mrs Clinton S., Belmont.
Hemmings, Mr. Shirley, North Abing-
Henderson, Miss Florence, Holyoke.
Henderson, Mr. W. D., East Dedham.
Hersee, Mrs. Frederick 0., Belmont.
Higbee, Mr. William E., Sharon.
Higgins, Miss Myrta Margaret, Fram-
Higginson, Mrs. F. L., Prides Crossing.
Hildreth, Mrs. H. A., Winchester.
Hildreth, Mr. Harold W., Westford.
Hill, Miss Grace M., Watertown.
Hinchman, Mrs. Annie Grace, Newton.
Hines, Mrs. Mary, Medford.
His, Mrs. Georges Jean, Chestnut Hill.
Hoar, Mrs. Sherman, Concord.
Hodge, Mrs. Wm. E., Lynn.
Hoe, Mrs. Mabel E., Braintree.
Hoeh, Mrs. Frederick A., Jamaica
Hoffman, Mrs. M. H., Swampscott.
Holbrook, Mrs. Mary R., Waban.
Holbrook, Miss Mary S., Boston.
Holbrook, Mrs. W. J., South Weymouth.
Holden, Miss Hazel N., Melrose.
Homan, Mrs. R. F., Marblehead.
Horton, Mrs. Florence E., South Swan-
Hosmer, Mrs. Frederick P., Hudson.
Houghton, Mrs. Charles K., Littleton.
Houghton, Mrs. Ella B., Brattleboro, Vt.
Hovey, Mr. Stuart W., Buckland.
Howard, Mrs. Charles T., Hingham
Howe, Mr. Allan R., Fairhaven.
Howe, Mrs. Benjamin S., Brookline.
Howe, Mrs. Louis McH., Fall River.
Howe, Mrs. Ralph T., Melrose.
Howland, Mrs. William N., Westport.
Hubbard, Mrs. J. C, Wayland.
Huber, Mr. F., Jr., Jennings, La.
Huddy, Mrs. F. L., Belmont.
Hull, Mrs. Harry Harlow, Jamaica
Hurd, Mrs. Jessie D., West Roxbury.
Hurley, Miss Mary J., Marlboro.
Hutchinson, Mr. George M., Reading.
Hutchinson, Mrs. Samuel, Lynn.
Hylan, Mrs. A. W., Stoneham.
Innes, Mr. Robert B., South Portland,
Irving, Dr. Albert John, New York.
Ives, Mrs. Oscar J., Salem.
Jackson, Mr. Charles, Boston.
Jackson, Mrs. Henry, Wakefield.
Jackson, Mrs. Walter, Milton.
Jackson, Mr. William K., Chestnut Hill.
Jacobs, Miss Sarah E., Plymouth.
Jameson, Mrs. W. J., East Milton.
Jenkins, Miss Mabel I., Wellesley.
Jenkins, Mrs. H. Loring, Bridgewater.
Jenks, Mrs. Charles F., Wellesley
Jenks, Mrs. Cora A., Attleboro.
Jenks, Mrs. Henry A., Cambridge.
Jensen, Mr. W. J., Jamaica Plain.
Jepson, Miss Mabel A., Cambridge.
Jewell, Mrs. E. 0., Lawrence.
Johnson, Miss Grace A., Belmont.
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Johnson, Mr. James, Brookline.
Johnson, Mrs. John H., Lowell.
Johnson, Mr. Joseph H., Waverley.
Johnson, Mr. Karl M., Semmes, Ala.
Johnson, Mrs. Walter W., Swampscott.
Johnston, Miss Isabelle A., Jamaica
Jones, Miss Elizabeth Dickerman, New-
Jones, Miss Helen, Erie County, N. Y.
Jones, Mr. Paul S., Montello.
Jones, Mr. Robert B., West Medford.
Judson, Mr. Howard T., Leominster.
Kamphefner, Miss Minnie M., Glendora,
Kane, Mr. James, Beverly.
Kaula, Mrs. William J., Boston.
Kaulbach, Mr. Frederick R., Maiden.
Kauser, Miss Alice, Norwalk, Conn.
Keene, Mrs. Sarah Vinal, Watertown.
Keith, Mr. James P. Campello.
Keith, Mr. Myron L., Campello.
Keith, Mr. Newell L., Brighton.
Kelley, Miss Florence, Canton.
Kelley, Mr. Isaac S., Reading.
Kelley, Mrs. W. G., Dorchester.
Kelly, Mrs. Shaun, Richmond.
Kennedy, Mrs. Alonzo L., South Hing-
Kennedy, Mr. Sidney S., Ithaca, N. Y.
Kenney, Mrs. Joseph T., New Bedford.
Kenty, Mrs. Hattie M., Arlington
Kenyon, Mr. R. E., Pawtucket, R. I.
Keyes, Mrs. George T., Boston.
Killim, Mrs. Maud L., Medford.
Kimball, Miss Evelyn S., East Dedham.
Kimball, Rev. Harry W., Needham.
Kimball, Miss Lucy I., Haverhill.
King, Mrs. Gladys, Upper Darby, Penn.
Kinley, Mrs. Henrietta A., Stoneham.
Kirkpatrick, Mrs. M. R., Stoneham.
Kitching, Mrs. Edward J., Melrose.
Kittredge, Mr. E. Roy, Dedham.
Knowles, Miss Jessie B., Portland, Me.
Knowlton, Mrs. Daniel S., Brookline.
Kopenhafer, Mr. George E., Vermillion,
Krauss, Mrs. Helena, Jamaica Plain.
Kudner, Mrs. Henry C, Lapeer, Mich.
Kussmaul, Mrs. Mildred Bryant, Brock-
Kyes, Mr. F. W., Ipswich.
Kyle, Mr. Gordon, Everett.
Lackland, Mr. Samuel H., Mobile, Ala.
Lamond, Mr. John D., Boston.
Lamson, Mrs. Frank, Newton.
Lane, Dr. C. G., Cambridge.
Lane, Mrs. E. Le Roy, Hingham.
Lane, Mrs. Elizabeth L., Newburyport.
Lane, Mrs. Josiah F., Belmont.
Lappen, Mr. John A., Belmont.
Larkin, Mrs. E. Lester, Hudson.
Lawrence, Mr. Henry, Hopedale.
Lawrence, Mr. Van Courtlandt, West
Leach, Mrs. George H., Campello.
Leach, Mr. Richard D., Hanover, N. H.
Learnard, Mrs. Frank W., Braintree.
Leavitt, Mrs. Byron C, Millbrook.
Leavitt, Dr. Pierce H., Brockton.
Lee, Mrs. James S., Boston.
Lehrer, Mrs. Raymond, West Newton.
Lentell, Miss Edna L., Canton.
LeVine, Mrs. John, Swampscott.
Lewis, Miss Mary Lester, Jamaica
Lewis, Mrs. Tracy H., Long Island,
Libby, Miss Caroline S., Watertown.
Lingham, Mrs. C. H., Littleton.
Littlefield, Mrs. C. C, West Somerville.
Locke. Mrs. Harriet B., Hopedale.
Locke, Mrs. W. L., Watertown.
Lockwood, Mrs. H. de F., Boston.
Logan, Mrs. G. W., Boston.
Long, Mr. Harry V., Boston.
Longden, Mr. Ralph L., Newton.
Loper, Mrs. Jennie W., Fall River.
Lord, Mrs. Arthur F., Sharon.
Lord, Mrs. Charles C, Newton.
Lord, Mrs. George, Kennebunk, Maine.
Lord, Mrs. George E., Maiden.
Lord, Mr. Samuel C, Milton.
Loring, Mrs. Atherton, Island Creek.
Loring, Mr. Charles A., Dayton Beach,
Love, Mrs. Henry D., Lexington.
Lovejoy, Miss Abby M., West Roxbury.
Lovell, Mr. Earl, Hingham.
Low, Mrs. Joseph T., Jr., Winchester.
Luke, Mrs. Ella E., Lunenberg.
Lutes, Mrs. Delia T., Newton Centre.
Lyman, Miss Caroline R., North Wo-
Lyman, Mrs. Margaret B., Kingston.
Lynch, Mr. Joseph, Lynnfield.
Macadam, Mrs. Anna Fink, Revere.
MacDonald, Miss Nena, Roslindale.
MacDonald, Mrs. William D., Belmont.
Macdougall, Mr. B. L., Bristol, R. I.
MacKenna, Mrs. Roscoe, Lynn.
MacKenna, Mr. Roscoe, Lynn.
Macquarrie, Miss Eliza B., Concord.
Macurda, Mr. W. E., Lexington.
Magoun, Mrs. H. W., Belmont.
Maguire, Mr. Edward D., Mattapan.
Maloney, Mr. Alfred, Jamaica Plain.
Mann, Mrs. Edna L., Fall River.
Manthorne, Mrs. George E., West Rox-
Marrs, Mrs. W. W., Grove Hall.
Marsh, Mrs. Frederick G., Waban.
Marshall, Mr. Henry P., Wakefield.
Marshall, Mr. Ralph S., Newtonville.
Martill, Mr. Lewis, Hyde Park,
NEW MEMBERS IN 1928
Martin, Mrs. G. E., Auburndale.
Martin, Mrs. George R., Cambridge.
Mason, Miss Edith S., St. Louis, Mo.
Mason, Mr. Edward 0., Winchester.
Mason, Mrs. Emily G., Dorchester.
Masters, Miss Lydia W., Watertown.
♦Matthews, Mr. Albert, Boston.
Mauny, Mr. Prank A., Boston.
May, Mr. George H., Revere.
Mayo, Mrs. Florence S., North Wey-
Mayo, Mrs. Henry R., Lynn.
McAllister, Miss Alice, Bradford.
McCarthy, Miss Caroline H., Boston.
McCauley, Mr. Harold, Shrewsbury.
McFadden, Mrs. James A., Melrose.
McFarland, Mrs. A. W., Dover.
McGarry, Mrs. Stanley F., Grafton.
McGregor, Mr. W. Eugene, Chestnut
McKillop, Mrs. Helen H., Chestnut Hill.
McKittrick, Mrs. T. H., Dublin, N. H.
McLaughlin, Mr. Mark, Weston.
McLean, Miss Philana, Newtonville.
McMullen, Mr. R. J., Boston.
McPherson, Mrs. John R., Quincy.
McTavish, Mrs. Gordon, Montreal,
Mead, Mrs. Petei B., East Braintree.
Mead, Mrs. S. W., Weston.
Meier, Mrs. J. P., Squantum.
Merrihew, Mrs. Marie, Waverley.
Merrill, Mrs. Henry M. Brockton.
Merritt, Rev. N. J., Winchester.
Meyer, Mrs. A. H., Newtonville.
Miller, Mr. Alton L., Boston.
Miller, Mrs. Hiram E., East Lynn.
Miller, Mrs. William S., Hingham.
Millikan, Mr. J. H., Pomona, Calif.
Mills, Mrs. Charles F., Milton.
Minot, Mr. James J., Jr., Boston.
Mitchell, Mr. Ira J., Jamaica Plain.
*Mitton, Mr. George W., Boston.
Mode, Mrs. Elmer B., Auburndale.
Montgomery, Mrs. Hugh, Cambridge.
Montle, Mrs. Thomas F., East Milton.
Mooney, Miss Emma, Concord, N. H.
Moran, Mr. C. W., Sharon.
Moran, Mr. Daniel H., Newton High-
Morgan, Mrs. J. Charles, Lynn.
Morrill, Miss Abbie, Amesbury.
Morris, Mrs. Katherine, Lexington.
Morrison, Mrs. Robert L., Detroit, Mich.
Morse, Miss Carrie L., Newton Centre.
Morse, Miss Stella M., Watertown.
Morton, Mr. James T., Redondo, Calif.
Moseley, Mrs. F. S., Boston.
Mosher, Miss Margaret E., Weston.
Moulton, Mr. David E., Portland, Me.
Moulton, Miss Susan P., Boston.
Mower, Mrs. Frank, Lynn.
Mower, Mrs. Martin, Cambridge.
Mulloy, Miss Eleanor E., East Brain-
Murdock, Mrs. Harold, Chestnut Hill.
Murphy, Mr. Horace F., South Man-
Murphy, Miss Ethel, Moncton, N. B.,
Murphy, Mr. W. Edward, Ayer.
Nafe, Mr. Paul O., Wellesley.
Nangle, Miss Helen M., Danvers.
Nason, Mrs. E. Leroy, Lynn.
Nelson, Mr. Carl A., Roslindale.
Nelson, Mr. Hilmer S., South Wey-
Nelson, Mr. Robert E., East Gloucester.
Nevins, Mr. Bernard J., Swampscott.
Newcomb, Mr. F. W., Brookline.
Newcomb, Mrs. F. W., Brookline.
Newell, Mr. C. Edward, Winchester.
Newell, Miss Lavinia H., Boston.
Newell, Mr. Raymond E., Hartford.
Newhall, Mr. Charles A., Brookline.
Newhall, Mr. Elbridge K., Boston.
Newman, Mrs. A. P., Waban.
Newton, Mrs. Addie A., Southboro.
Nichols, Mr. Charles B., Ware.
Nichols, Mrs. Fred, South Sudbury.
Nichols, Mr. Henry J., West Newton.
Nichols, Mr. L. Heyl, Walpole.
Nichols, Mrs. Stephen R., Cohasset.
Nickerson, Mrs. Edith C, Cohasset.
Nickerson, Mrs. Herbert H., Boston.
Nielsen, Mr. Carl I., North Abington.
Nielson, Mrs. M., Blue Island, 111.
Nivison, Mrs. D. B., West Newton.
Noling, Mr. W. T., Howey, Fla.
Noonan, Mr. Walter J., Boston.
de Normandie, Mrs. Philip Y., Milton.
Norris, Miss 0. Maude, Maiden.
Northey, Mrs. W. E., Salem.
Norton, Mr. David W., Wellesley Hills.
Noyes, Mrs. Sarah R., Melrose High-
Oak, Mrs. Edith M., Orono, Maine.
O'Brien, Mr. James J., Boston.
O'Brien, Mrs. J. W., Boston.
Ogden, Mrs. J. P., Lynn.
O'Hara, Mrs. M. L., Auburndale.
Olive, Mr. G. Ohipman, No. Weymouth.
Olson, Mr. Gustav, Woburn.
O'Malley, Mrs. Charles J., Chestnut
Ormsby, Mr. Leslie E., Boston.
Orr, Mr. Philip E., South Portland, Me.
Ortmann, Mr. Fred, Cambridge.
Osgood, Mrs. Edward H., Cambridge.
Osgood, Miss Mary E., Peabody.
O'Sullivan, Mrs. George L., East Ded-
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Packard, Dr. Horace, Boston.
Packard, Mrs. Roscoe M., West New-
Page, Mrs. Frederick H., "Waltham.
Paige, Mr. Carl, Holbrook.
Palmer, Miss Beulah M., West Rox-
Palmer, Mrs. Estella H., Shrewsbury.
Parker, Mr. Jesse S., Falmouth.
*Parker, Mrs. Robert, Jr., South. Lin-
Pasell, Mr. George W., New Bedford.
Patey, Miss Harriette W., Newtonville.
Peabody, Miss Amy, Boston.
Peabody, Mr. George E., West Medford.
Pearson, Miss Marguerite S., Somer-
Peck, Mrs. Henry J., Providence, R. I.
Peckham, Mr. Eugene L., South Dart-
Penney, Miss R. E., Belmont.
Pentecost, Miss G. Hortense, Winter
Percy, Mrs. George E., Salem.
Perkins, Mrs. George W., Boston.
Perkins, Miss Harriette M., Maiden.
Perkins, Mr. Ralph E., Arlington.
* Perry, Mr. Arthur, Nahant.
Perry, Mrs. Lena, Tacoma, Wash.
Peterson, Mrs. Julia H., Cambridge.
Pettee, Mrs. Arthur L., Brattleboro, Vt.
Pettey, Mr. Raymond A., North Dart-
Phelan, Miss Alice M., Boston.
Phelan, Mr. James F., Watertown.
Phillips, Mrs. Arthur J., West Peabody.
Pierce, Miss Cora E., Fitchburg.
Pierce, Mrs. Roger, Milton.
Philcrantz, Mr. William H.,( Chestnut
Pike, Mr. Charles, Groveland.
Pillsbury, Mr. W. H. C, Brookline.
Piper, Mr. Fred J., Gardner, Maine.
Pipes, Mrs. D. W., New Orleans, La.
Pitman, Mrs. Gilbert L., Swampscott.
Pitman, Mr. Harold A., Boston.
Pitman, Mrs. Harold A., Boston.
Poor, Mrs. Charles M., Peabody.
Porter, Mrs. C. Omer, Westbrook, Me.
Porter, Mrs. E. L., West Medford.
Porter, Mr. F. E., Fayville.
Potter, Mr. Arthur W., Jr., Newport,
Potter, Mrs. Fred L., Maiden.
Pratt, Mrs. F. S., Boston.
Pratt, Mrs. J. H., Brookline.
Pratt, Mrs. W. H., Lynn.
Presbrey, Mrs. Charlotte H., Abington.
Prescott, Mr. Charles O., Boston.
Pridham, Mr. A. M. S., Ithaca, N. Y.
Proctor, Mrs. John, Franklin, N. H.
Prouty, Mr. Thomas S., Newton.
Prucker, Mr. Fred, Stafford Springs,
Prudden, Miss Elizabeth B., Brookline.
Quimby, Mr. George F., Wellesley Hills.
Quinby, Mrs. H. C, Saco, Maine.
Quincy, Miss Grace W., Lancaster.
Quincy, Mr. Josiah Hatch, Boston.
Radcliffe, Mrs. W. W., Duxbury.
Ramsey, Mr. John B., Chestnut Hill.
Rand, Mrs. L. W., Brookline.
Randall, Mrs. Edward, Hingham.
Rankin, Mrs. A. E., Wellesley Hills.
Rantoul, Miss Mabel L., Jamaica Plain.
Rauch, Mr. Levi D., Atlantic.
Reardon, Mrs. Harriman A., Hudson.
Recchia, Mr. Richard H., Rockport.
Reggio, Mrs. A. William, Chestnut Hill.
Revere, Miss Margaret A., Canton.
Reynolds, Mrs. Myra R., Boston.
Reynolds, Mrs. Sumner C, Milford.
Rhoades, Mr. Paul Whitney, South Sud-
Riberdy, Mr. Dennis E., Brockton.
Rice, Mrs. Chester, Schenectady, N. Y.
Rice, Mr. Harold, Arlington.
Rice, Mrs. Irving D., Dover, N. H.
Rice, Mrs. O. R., Waban.
Rich, Mr. William W., Hingham.
Richardson, Mrs. Charles, Boston.
Richardson, Mrs. Edward B., Brook-
Richardson, Miss Gladys, Woburn.
Richardson, Mrs. Mary F., Maiden.
Richmond, Mr. H. B., Arlington.
Rideout, Mrs. Edgar S., Beverly.
Robb, Mrs. Russell, Concord.
Robbins, Mrs. Fanny M., Wethersfield,
Robbins, Miss M. Elizabeth, Watertown.
Roberts, Mr. G. R., Newton Centre.
Roberts, Mr. Vincent P., Chestnut Hill.
Robertson, Mr. Robert, Beverly.
Robertson, Mrs. Robert, Beverly.
Robinson, Mrs. Martha H., New Haven,
Rockett, Mrs. Joseph B., Newton
Rogers, Mrs. Alfred P., Chestnut Hill.
Rogers, Mr. Charles C, Boston.
Rollins, Mrs. George W., West Rox-
Roper, Miss Alice, Boston.
Ropes, Mr. Charles F., Salem.
Rosa, Mr. J. R., Arran, Fla.
Rose, Mr. Edward, West Somerville.
Rosenquist, Miss Mabel E., Woburn.
Rothwell, Mr. James M., Boston.
Ruggles, Miss Helen E., Reading.
Rust, Miss Katharine, Boston.
Ryce, Mrs. L. C, Boston.
Sadler, Mrs. Ralph, West Roxbury.
Salt, Mrs. Lloyd B., Chestnut Hill.
NEW MEMBERS IN 1928
Sanborn, Mr. Fred 0., Brookline.
Sanborn, Mrs. Frederick N., Atlantic.
Sanborn, Mr. Harry 0., Winchester.
Sandberg, Mrs. Joseph, Winchester.
Sanderson, Miss A. Gertrude, Waltham.
Sanderson, Miss E. E., Newton Centre.
Sargent, Mrs. Arthur H., Brookline.
Sargent, Mrs. William, Marblehead.
Savels, Mrs. Orvis, Worcester.
Sawyer, Mrs. C. Adrian, Waban.
Sawyer, Miss E. L., Brighton.
Sawyer, Mrs. James 0., Andover.
Schaedel, Mrs. M. P., Melrose.
Schenck, Mrs. Garret, Auburndale.
Schneck, Mrs. Garret, Jr., Newton.
Scher, Mr. L. Stodder, Salem.
Schirmer, Mrs. Ruth A., Chestnut Hill.
Scott, Mr. David M., Andover.
Scott, Miss Mary M., Frankfort, Ky.
Scribner, Mr. John W., Woburn.
Seagrave, Miss Clarice E., Uxbridge.
Seamans, Mrs. Robert C, Salem.
Sekiguchi, Mr. E., Kioto, Japan.
Sellman, Mr. John H., Newton.
Semple, Mrs. Margaret R., Petersburg,
Sensenig, Mrs. Heber, Annisquam.
Seymour, Mr. Samuel P., Boston.
Shaddick, Mr. John W., Brookline.
Shandt, Mr. George, South Dartmouth.
Shaw, Mrs. Charles F., Watertown.
Shaw, Mrs. Lila S. C, Brockton.
Shea, Miss Mary E., Jamaica Plain.
Shedden, Mrs. W. F., Duxbury.
Sheehan, Rev. Hubert J., Manchester,
Sheldon, Mrs. Henry E., East Milton.
Sherburne, Miss Sally I., Lexington.
Shoemaker, Mr. J. A., Lynn.
Shuster, Mr. Francis B., Waban.
Shydecker, Miss Selina M., Woburn.
Sills, Mr. W. C, Newton.
Simmons, Mrs. Channing C, Chestnut
Simms, Mrs. W. E., Spring Station, Ky.
Simpson, Mrs. Charles, Winthrop.
Simpson, Miss Nellie I., Charlestown.
Sinclair, Mr. James L., Medford.
*Sisson, Mr. Jerome C, West Roxbury.
*Sisson, Mrs. Jerome C, West Roxbury.
Slade, Mr. Everett N., Fall River.
Slade, Mrs. Herbert L., Newtonville.
Sladen, Mr. Frank, Cohasset.
Slater, Mr. Victor O. B., Fairhaven.
Slocombe, Mrs. Edwin M., Lexington.
Small, Mrs. Edna W., Valdosta, Ga.
Small, Mr. Gilbert, Wayland.
Smiley, Mrs. Norah, Waltham.
Smith, Mr. Alex, Alberdeenshire, Scot-
Smith, Mr. Alfred H., Boston.
Smith, Mr. Almond H., Melrose High-
Smith, M«s. Carroll, Walpole.
Smith, Mrs. Charles P., Cambridge.
Smith, Mr. Earl W., Burlington.
Smith, Mrs. Fanny Z., Lynn.
Smith, Mrs. Florence C, Melrose High-
Smith, Mrs. Frank, Sandwich.
Smith, Mrs. Huntington, Boston.
Smith, Mr. Mark E., Charlestown.
Smith, Miss Nellie L., Lowell.
Smith, Mrs. Stephen T., Arlington.
Smith, Mrs. T. L., Concord.
Smith, Mr. W. E. H., Framingham
Smith, Mrs. W. E., Somerville.
Smith, Mrs. William L., Lexington.
Smith, Mrs. William W., Jamaica Plain.
Smith, Mrs. Winifred Sawyer, West
Snelling, Mrs. Rodman P., Beverly
Snow, Mr. Walter B., Falmouth.
Snyder, Mrs. Frederick S., Winchester.
Sondermann, Mrs. Henry L., Jamaica
Sortwell, Mrs. A. F., Jr., Beverly
Spain, Mrs. H. T., Rockport.
Spalding, Miss Grace, South Braintree.
Spalding, Mrs. William A., Chestnut
Spaulding, Mrs. Henry P., Brookline.
Sprague, Mr. Waldo C, Wollaston.
Sprague, Mrs. William C, Lynn.
Spring, Mr. Romney, Boston.
Spring, Mrs. Romney, Boston.
Stalford, Mr. John H., Bar Harbor, Me.
Standish, Miss Elnora F., West Rox-
Stanley, Mrs. Delia C, Waban.
Stearns, Mr. Charles N., Wilton, N. H.
Stearns, Mrs. William B., Milton.
Stebbins, Mrs. N. L., West Somerville.
Stephens, Mrs. M. Gail, South Hamil-
Sterritt, Mr. Frederick D., Cambridge.
Stevens, Mrs. George B., Gloucester.
Stevens, Mrs. John O., Rockland, Me.
Stevens, Miss Mabel G., Rockland.
Stevenson, Mrs. Robert H., Jr., Boston.
Stewart, Mrs. J. M., Andover.
Sthen, Mr. Robert E., Woodfords, Me.
Stimpson, Mr. Wallace I., Hopedale.
Stitt, Mr. Albin, Norwood.
Stone, Mr. Malcolm B., Readville.
Storer, Miss Elizabeth, Wellesley.
Storer, Mrs. Florence B., Needham.
Stout, Mr. Joseph C, Swampscott.
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Strong, Miss Julia H., Boston.
Strong, Miss Mabel A., Boston.
Strong, Mrs. T. M., Roslindale.
Sullivan, Miss Esther H., Somerville.
Sullivan, Miss Mary Abbie, Marblehead.
Sumner, Mrs. C. P., Haverhill.
Swain, Mrs. Jasper R., Wellesley Hills.
Swan, Miss Elizabeth D., Cambridge.
Swartzel, Mr. M. M., Howey, Fla.
Sweeney, Miss Ellen F., East Milton.
Sweetland, Mr. A. F., Stoneham.
Swenson, Mrs. Ole S., Reading.
Swift, Mr. George H., Boston.
Tanner, Mr. William M., Cambridge.
Taubert, Miss Elsa F., Roslindale.
Taylor, Miss Elizabeth Y., Reading.
Taylor, Mrs. J. H., Wollaston.
Taylor, Miss Lila M., Reading.
Taylor, Miss Millicent J., Cambridge.
Temperley, Mr. Joseph, Newton Centre.
Tenney, Mr. Charles W., Jr., Maiden.
Terry, Mr. George S., Hingham.
Terry, Mrs. Ruth K., Hingham.
Thayer, Mr. Charles H., Ashland.
Thayer, Mrs. John M., Worcester.
Thomas, Mrs. Albert M., Dickerson, Md.
Thommen, Mr. Gustave, Miami, Fla.
Thompson, Prof. Charles Henry, Am-
Thompson, Mrs. Daniel V., Roxbury.
Thompson, Mrs. George E., Waltham.
Thompson, Miss Harriet E., Woodfords,
Thompson, Mr. Kenneth H., Revere.
Thompson, Mrs. Willard, Melrose.
Thomson, Mrs. Abby L., Andover.
Threshie, Mrs. Nellie, Newton High-
*Thurber, Mrs. Anna E., Boston.
Tidd, Miss Bertha M., Woburn.
Tilden, Miss Irene Mann, Boston.
Tirrell, Mrs. James A., Boston.
Titus, Mrs. Hattie E., West Roxbury.
Todd, Mrs. Albert Wilder, Cohasset.
Todd, Miss Elizabeth P., Wollaston.
Tomlinson, Mr. Irving C., Boston.
Tomlinson, Mrs. Irving C, Boston.
Totten, Mrs. J. W., Needham.
Towne, Mr. Edward S., Holyoke.
Trafford, Mrs. Bernard W., Readville.
Trask, Miss Alice E., Peabody.
Travers, Mrs. R. G. H., Kingston,
Treadway, Mrs. Helen F., Williams-
Tripp, Miss Helen J., Boston.
Tripp, Mrs. L. C, Plymouth.
Tripp, Miss Ruth L., Central Falls, R. I.
Trumbull, Mrs. Mary P., Weston.
Tucker, Miss L. Frances, Swampscott.
Tufts, Mr. Joseph A., Dedham.
Turner, Mrs. Clyde A., Lowell.
Turner, Mr. John F., Reading.
Turner, Miss Miriam R., Bridgewater.
Tuttle, Mrs. Morton Chase, Newton
Tuttle, Mrs. Susan R., Reading.
Twichell, Miss T. H., Brookline.
Tyler, Miss Mary G., Brookline.
Tyzzer, Mr. David, Hingham.
Underhill, Mr. Edward M., Hyde Park.
Underhill, Mrs. S. S., Boston.
Upham, Miss Anna M., Weston.
Upton, Mrs. Eugene C, Maiden.
Valpey, Miss J. E., Lynn.
Van de Car, Mr. Nathan, Syracuse,
Van Horn, Mrs. F. Cortland, Medfield.
Van Olinda, Mr. William K., Plainfield,
Vaughan, Mrs. John, Belmont.
Verges, Mr. E. M., Brookline.
Ver Planck, Mr. Edward D., Brookline.
Ver Planck, Mrs. Edward D., Brook-
Viera, Miss Georgia, Melrose.
Viles, Mr. Edgar F., Concord.
Virgin, Miss Elsie H. A., Waltham.
Waite, Miss Florence L., New Bedford.
Waite, Mrs. Frederick, Bridgewater.
Waite, Mrs. Gertrude A., Medford.
Walen, Mrs. E. D„ Andover.
Walker, Mr. Charles O., Mittineague.
Walker, Mrs. Esther M., East Lynn.
Walker, Dr. Irving J., Boston.
Walker, Mrs. John S., Braintree.
Walker, Miss Juanita M., Salem.
Walker, Miss Marion, Cambridge.
Walker, Mrs. W. D., Andover.
Wallace, Mrs. Charles F., Chestnut Hill.
Wallace, Mrs. Sarah, Wrentham .
Walsh, Miss Elizabeth, Newburyport.
Ward, Mrs. Charles W., Andover.
Ward, Mr. Ralph W., Beverly.
Ward, Mrs. Sherman B., Newton Cen-
Wardwell, Mr. Percival H., Stoneham.
Waring, Mrs. James H., Fall River.
Warren, Miss Lucia C, Chestnut Hill.
Washburn, Mrs. Maurice K., East
Greenwich, R. I.
Wason, Mr. Leonard C, Brookline.
Waterman, Mrs. G. A., Boston.
Watson, Miss Agnes E., Melrose High-
Watters, Miss Collotta V., Attleboro
Way, Mr. Archie A., Melrose.
Weaver, Miss Dorman H., Brookline.
Webb, Mr. John, Lynn.
Webber, Mr. A. C, Newton.
Webber, Mr. Horace I., Littleton.
Weber, Mrs. David, Wrentham.
Webster, Dr. Karl S., Orleans, Vt.
NEW MEMBERS IN 1928
Webster, Mrs. Mary E., Maiden.
Weed, Mr. George M., Concord.
Welch, Mrs. George 0., Stoughton.
Wellington, Mrs. 0. O., Belmont.
Wellman, Mrs. Gordon B., Wellesley.
Wells, Mrs. Harry, Longmeadow.
Wendell, Mrs. 0. B., Belmont.
Wendell, Mrs. John W., Dedham.
Wentworth, Miss Florence A., Walpole.
West, Mrs. Alonzo A., Maiden.
West, Mr. George S., Boston.
West, Mr. Nelson W., Deerfield.
Weston, Mr. Harold L., Reading.
Weston, Miss Maria, Duxbury.
Wetherbee, Mrs. John, Abington, Conn.
Wetherbee, Mrs. Kenneth, Worcester.
Wetherell, Mr. Lawrence H., Brookline.
Wheeler, Mrs. Clarence A., Belmont.
Wheeler, Miss Margaret, Wayland.
Wheelock, Mr. Howard M., Braintree.
Whitcomb, Miss Eleanor E., Allston.
White, Mrs. Frank 0., Melrose.
White, Miss Hattie M., Melrose High-
White, Mrs. William Frye, Medford.
White, Mr. W. T. S., Brookline.
Whiting, Mrs. Frederic J., Boston.
Whiting, Mr. John K., Brookline.
Whiting, Miss Margaret C, Deerfield.
Whitman, Mr. Alfred F., Cambridge.
Whitman, Mr. Edmund A., Cambridge.
Whitney, Mrs. Ellen S., Hyde Park.
Whitney, Mrs. Watson H., Lynn.
Whittemore, Mrs. E. H., Fitchburg.
Wiggin, Mrs. Burton H., Lowell.
Wigglund, Mrs. Simond, Dorchester.
Wilcox, Miss M. M., Grove Hall.
Wilder, Mrs. Edward F., Hingham.
Wildes, Mrs. Llewellyn, Roxbury.
Wilkins, Mrs. S. Herbert, Salem.
Willey, Mrs. Charles P., Bridgewater.
Willey, Mrs. Gladys Moore, Everett.
Williams, Miss Beatrice L., Cambridge.
Williams, Mrs. Horace N., Providence,
Williams, Mr. Phillips A., Holliston.
Williams, Mrs. Theodore C, Boston.
Williams, Mr. Wendell, Milford.
Wilson, Mr. Charles H., Quincy.
Wilson, Miss Edith H., Thomaston, Me.
Winn, Miss N. L., Arlington.
Winship, Mrs. Georgia T., Lynn.
Winsock, Mr. J. A., Newport, R. I.
Winsor, Mrs. Allan P., Brookline.
Winsor, Mrs. Elizabeth Hope, Weston.
Wit, Mr. Maxwell D., Centre Newton.
Wolfson, Mr. Alfred M., Jamaica Plain.
Wood, Mrs. A. G., Boston.
Wood, Mr. Arthur O., Cohasset.
Wood, Mrs. Edmund, New Bedford.
Wood, Mrs. Leland D., Hudson.
Woodbury, Mrs. Arthur A., South Lin-
Woodworth, Mrs. Laura G., Boston.
Worthington, Mrs. Edward G., Chest-
Wright, Mrs. A. E., Fayville.
Wright, Mrs. Frank H., Hingham.
Wright, Mrs. H. W., Topsfield.
Wright, Mrs. W. P., Lexington.
Wulsin, Mrs. Frederick R., Cambridge.
Wyman, Mr. Donald D., North Abing-
Yale, Mrs. John B., Sparkell, N. Y.
Young, Mrs. Frank L., South Lincoln.
Zack, Mr. H. J., Deep River, Conn.